掌握好這些技術,溫棚養蝦就不用愁了!

       

WENPENGDUIXIAYANGZHISHICANGZHOUYANHAIJINNIANLAITANSUODEYIZHONGXINDEDUIXIAYANGZHIMOSHI,GAIYANGZHIMOSHIDETEDIANSHIGAOCHANGAOXIAO、KEKONGXINGQIANG、YANGZHICHENGGONGLVGAO,SHIWOSHENGDUIXIAYANGZHIDEYIGEXINMOSHI。BENWENZHONGDIANJIESHAOQIRUISHUICHANYANGZHIZHUANYEHEZUOSHEKAIZHANDEWENPENGNANMEIBAIDUIXIAYANGZHI,BAOKUOYANGZHISHESHIDEJIANSHE、YANGZHIGUANLIJISHUDENG,YIQIWEIGAIJISHUDESHIFANTUIGUANGTIGONGCANKAO。?

CANGZHOUSHIWENPENGDUIXIAYANGZHISHIFANJIDIQIRUISHUICHANYANGZHIZHUANYEHEZUOSHE,CHENGLIYU2015NIAN11YUE,HEZUOSHEWEIYUHUANGHUASHINANPAIHEZHENZHANGJUHECUN,ZHANDI4.67hm2,HEZUOSHEYANGZHIWENPENGJICHUSHESHI2015NIAN12YUEKAIGONGJIANSHE,2016NIAN3YUEWANCHENGSHIGONG,4YUEKAISHIDIYICHANANMEIBAIDUIXIAYANGZHI,6YUE12RIZHI17RIDIYICHAYANGZHIDUIXIACHUCHI,PINGJUNGUIGE80WEI/kg,DANCHANDA2108.3 kg/667m2,CHUCHIJIAGE55.32YUAN/kg,SHIXIANLEKAIMENHONG。?

NO.1

JICHUSHESHI

ZHONGYANGPAIWUWENPENG3ZUO(YUE0.8hm2),SHUICHULICHIYUE3.0hm2(YIJICHENDIANCHI、ERJISHUICHULICHIGEYI),SHALVGUANYIZUO,180mSHENQIANJIJINGYIYAN,LUOCIFENGJIZENGYANGSHESHI4TAO(40kW),PEIDIANSHESHIYITAO(80kVA)DENGQITASHEBEI。?

NO.2

WENPENGJIANSHE

HEZUOSHEGONGJIANYOUSANGEWENPENG,DONGXIFANGXIANGPINGXINGPAILIE,MEIGEWENPENGDONGXICHANG130m,NANBEIKUAN20m,WENPENGGAO4m,MEIGEWENPENGNEISHE4GEYANGZHICHITANG,MEIGECHITANGYOUXIAOYANGZHISHUIMIAN600m2。YANGZHICHITANGZHONGYANGSHEZHIJIWUKENG、CHIDIPUSHEPAIWUGUANDAO(MAIRUDIXIAYUE50cm),BIANYUJIANGDUIXIAFENBIAN、CANERDENGFEIWUPAICHU,CHITANGDIBUYOUSIZHOUXIANGZHONGYANGDEJIWUKENGCHENG15~20°PODU,YOULIYUFEIWUSUISHUILIUXUANZHUANXIANGZHONGYANGHUIJI。?

WENPENGCAIYONGGANGGUANLIANGCHENGZHONG,WAIFUYICENGSULIAOBOMO。WENPENGZHONGJIANDONGXIXIANGSHEYIZHULIANG,MEI10mSHEYICHENGZHONGZHICHENGZHU,GANGGUANLIANGMEILIANGGEGANGGUANLIANGZHIJIANJIANGE1.5m,BAOZHENGWENPENGJIANGU,WENPENGDINGYUDIMIANDEJIAJIAOYUE35°~40°,BIMIANYINDAFENGDENGENVETIANQIZAOCHENGSUNSHI。?

WENPENGDONGXILIANGDUAN、WENPENGBEICEZIDIMIANXIANGSHANG1.0~1.5 m,CAIYONGSHOUDONGJUANLIANZHUANGZHI,GAOWENJIJIEKEYIJUANQI,LIYUPENGNEITONGFENG,YIBAOCHISHIYIDEHUANJING。?

NO.3

SHUIYUANPEIZHISHESHI

XUSHUICHI2GE(YUE3.0hm2),FENWEIYIJICHENDIANCHI(2hm2)、ERJISHUICHULICHI(1.0hm2),YIHANDONGLIANJIE,DONGKOUSHEZHIZHABAN。SHUIYUANWEIZIRANHAISHUIHEDIXIASHUI。DACHAOQIYOUYINSHUIQUDESHUIBENGTIQUZIRANHAISHUI,JINGCHENDIAN、XIAODU(PIAOBAIFEN30mg/L)CHULI,RANHOUJINRUERJISHUICHULICHI,YONG180mSHENQIANJINGDIXIASHUIJINGERJISHUICHULICHIGOUDUI,YONGSHUICHESHIZENGYANGJICHONGFENPUQI、HUNHEJUNYUN,SHUIDEYANDUDIAOZHI20‰ZUOYOU,ZUOWENDINGDEBEIYONGSHUIYUAN。?

NO.4

CHONGYANGSHESHI

CAIYONGLUOCIFENGJIGONGYANG,MEIGECHITANGGONGYANGGONGLVYUE3kW,CAIYONGWEIKONGNAMIGUANYUANHUANZENGYANG,MEIPAICHONGYANGHUANZHIJIANJULI100cm,JULICHIDI15cm,MEIGECHITANGDIAOZHUANG6PAICHONGYANGHUAN,PAIYUPAIJIANJU300cm,MEIGECHITANGPEIZHI120GECHONGYANGHUAN。MEIGECHITANGDUIJIAOFANGZHISHUICHEZENGYANGJI2BU,CUJINCHISHUIXUNHUANLIUDONG,LIYUCHIDIWUWUXIANGCHIZHONGYANGPAIWUKOUJUJI。?

NO.5

DIYICHADUIXIAYANGZHI?

5.1 進水消毒、配水?

3YUEZHONGXIAXUN,DACHAOSHIJINSHUI,JINGCHENDIANCHIXIAODU,CAIYONGPIAOBAIFENYUE30mg/L,48hHOU,JINGXIAODUCHULIDEHAISHUIJINRUERJISHUICHULICHI,JIAZHUDIXIADANSHUI,JIANGYANDUDIAOZHI20‰ZUOYOU,YONGSHUICHESHIZENGYANGJIPUQI,HAIDANSHUIHUNHEJUNYUNBEIYONG。?

5.2 苗種選擇、標粗?

4YUECHU,XUANZEHAINANYOUZHINANMEIBAIDUIXIAP5ZIXIAMIAOZHONG,ZAIBENDIYUMIAOCHANGCHEJIANJINGYIZHOUSHIJIANBIAOCU,MIAOZHONGGUIGEDA1.0 cmZUOYOU,CHISHUIWENDUDA20 ℃,KAISHIXIANGCHITANGZHONGFANGYANG。?

5.3 放養時間與密度?

WENPENGCHITANGSHUIWENDUDA20 ℃SHIZHUNBEIFANGMIAO,FANGMIAOQIANJINGCHONGFENPUQI、FEISHUI,JINGXIAMIAOSHISHUI24h,SHISHUIHEGEHOU,KAISHIFANGMIAO。DIYICHADUIXIAYANGZHIFANGMIAOSHIJIANWEI4YUE13RI,MIAOZHONGBIAOCUCHIYANDUYUWENPENGYANDUCHAXIAOYU5‰,FANGMIAOMIDUWEI300WANWEI/hm2 。?

NO.6

YANGZHIGUANLI

6.1 加水與調水?

YANGZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,QIANQISUIXIAMIAOSHENGCHANGZHUJIANTIANSHUI,MEIZHOUYICI,MEICI10~20cm。MEI10~15d,DINGQISHIYONGEMJUN、GUANGHEXIJUNDIAOKONGCHITANGSHUIZHI,BAOCHIZAOXIANG、JUNXIANGWENDING。QIANQIZHIJIASHUI,ZHONGHOUQIDADAOZUIGAOSHUIWEIHOUMEITIANJIAHUANSHUIBUSHAOYU20cm。?

6.2 飼料投喂?

XUANZEYOUZHIPEIHESILIAO,CAIYONGYABAOGANJUNDENGWEISHENGTAIZHIJIHEVcBANSILIAO,JINGMIFENGFAJIAO6~12hHOUSHIYONG。QIANQIMEITIANTOUWEIYICIXIANHUOLUCHONG(JINGXIAODUSHAJUN)、YICIPEIHESILIAO;15dHOUQUANBUSHIYONGPEIHESILIAO,SUIDUIXIASHENGCHANGTOUWEICISHUZENGJIADAOMEITIAN4CI,CHITANGNEISHEZHI2~3GESILIAOTAI,GUANCHADUIXIASHESHIQINGKUANG,YILIYUJISHIDIAOZHENGTOUERLIANG。?

6.3 增氧與排污?

CHITANGFANGMIAOHOU,LUOCIFENGJIYINGQUANTIANKAIQI,BAOCHICHITANGSHUITIRONGYANGCHONGZU(5mg/LYISHANG),SUICHITANGSHUIWEIJIASHEN,YINGJISHIZENGDACHONGQILIANG,DIAOZHENGMEIGECHONGQIPANDECHUQILIANG,BAOZHENGCHONGYANGXIAOGUO。MEITIANPAIWUQIANYINGKAIQISHUICHESHIZENGYANGJI,SHICHITANGSHUITIHUANMANZHUANDONG,JIANGWUWUHUIJIDAOJIWUKOU,YUE2 hHOU,TIQIKONGZHISHUIGUANPAIWU。?

6.4 養殖監測?

YANGZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,MEITIANJIANCECHISHUIRONGYANG、ANDAN、YAXIAOSUANYANDENGZHIBIAO;CELIANGDUIXIASHENGCHANGZHIBIAO,ZUOHAO“SANXIANGJILU”,GENJUSHENGCHANGZHIBIAOYUGUCUNTANGLIANG,DIAOZHENGTOUERLIANG。?

NO.7

YANGCHENGSHOUHUO

JINGGUO60dCHITANGYANGZHI,6YUE12RIDUIXIADADAOPINGJUNGUIGE80WEI/kg,KAISHIDUIXIACHUCHIXIAOSHOU。CAIYONGDILONGWANGCHUXIAFANGSHI,XIANPAISHUIJIANGDICHITANGSHUIWEI,RANHOUFANGRUDILONGWANG,3~5 minJIANGWANGLACHU,MEIWANGBULAODUIXIA15kgZUOYOU。YINGZHUYI,SHOUBUFANGWANGSHIJIANBUYIGUOCHANG,YINCISHICHITANGNEIXIADUO,RUFANGWANGSHIJIANCHANG、BULAOLIANGGUODUO,ZEDUIYUNSHUXIAOSHOUCHENGHUOLVYOUYINGXIANG。?

ZHI6YUE18RI,GONGJI0.8hm2,12KOUCHITANG,YANGZHIDUIXIAQUANBUCHUCHIWANBI,JINGTONGJI:GONGCHUCHANNANMEIBAIDUIXIA25300kg,PINGJUNCHANLIANG31625kg/hm2,XIAOSHOUJIAGE55.32YUAN/kg,JINGJIXIAOYI90WANYUAN。YIJINXIAYANGZHICHENGBEN9.88YUAN,YIJINXIALIRUN17.78YUAN。?

GAIYANGZHIMOSHIWEIYINIANSHUANGCHAYANGZHI,DIYICHAJIESHUHOU,JICHUSHESHI、SHEBEIJINGWEIXIU、GAIJINHOU,YU8YUE18RITOUFANGDIERCHAMIAOZHONGYANGZHI,TOUFANGMIDU225WANWEI/hm2,CAIQUHEDIYICHAXIANGTONGDEGUANLIJISHUSHOUDUAN,JING80dYANGZHI,YANGZHIDUIXIAGUIGE90~110WEI/Kg,11YUE8RIYIJINGQUANBUCHUCHIWANBI,JINGTONGJIDIERCHAYANGCHENGQINGKUANG:GONGCHUCHANNANMEIBAIDUIXIA14400 kg,PINGJUNCHANLIANG18000kg/hm2,XIAOSHOUJIAGE42YUAN/kg,JINGJIXIAOYI28.8WANYUAN,YI JINXIAYANGZHICHENGBEN13YUAN,YIJINXIALIRUN8YUAN。?

全年兩茬養殖結果:固定資產折舊,土地成本3.5萬元;溫棚折舊7.5萬元(以棚架結構一次性投入使用期10年計算);外敷棚膜2萬元;其他折舊2萬元,合計折舊成本15萬元。全年兩茬養殖經濟效益(90+28.8)-15=103.8萬元。?

NO.8

ZONGJIEYUTAOLUN

BENYANGZHIMOSHIJIYUEHUACHENGDUGAO,MIAOZHONGZHILIANGSHIYANGZHICHENGGONGLVDEGUANJIAN,YINGXUANZEJINGJIANCEBUXIEDAITEDINGBINGYUANTIDEYOUZHIMIAOZHONG。?

YOUWAIDIYINJINMIAOZHONGRUTANGYANGZHIQIAN,YINGJINXINGBIAOCU,YITIGAOMIAOZHONGDUIBENDISHUIZHIHUANJINGDENGDESHIYINGNENGLI,TIGAOFANGMIAOCHENGHUOLV。?

DIYICHAYANGZHIDUIXIAMIAOZHONGTOUFANGLIANGBUCHAOGUO300WANWEI/hm2,DIERCHAYANGZHIDUIXIAMIAOZHONGTOUFANGLIANGBUCHAOGUO225WANWEI/hm2WEIYI。?

CHENDIANCHI、PEISHUICHIYUYANGZHIMIANJIBIXUJUBEIYIDINGDEPEITAOSHUIYUANNENGLI,GUIMOYUWENPENGCHITANGYANGZHIMIANJIBILIYINGDADAO3∶1~4∶1YISHANG,BAOZHENGSHUIYUANGONGYINGCHONGZU,SHUIZHIWENDINGYOULIANG。?