MBR污水處理工程調試及試運行指導手冊,非常實用!

   

一、宗旨

本手冊是針對污水處理工程調試及試運行工作編寫的,可供安裝、調試及營運工作人員使用,亦可作為建設方、施工方施工驗收之參考。

二、綱目

SHOUCEHANYIXIAZHUYAONEIRONG:

DIAOSHITIAOJIAN、DIAOSHIZHUNBEI、SHISHUIFANGSHI、DANJIDIAOSHI、DANYUANDIAOSHI、JIEZHONGJUNZHONG、XUNHUAPEIYANG、QUANXIANLIANDIAO、JIANCEFENXI、GAIJINQUEXIAN、BUCHONGWANSHAN、ZHENGSHISHIYUNXING、ZIXINGJIANYAN、ZHENGSHITIJIAOJIANYAN、JUNGONGYANSHOU。

三、細則

1. 調試條件

(1)TUJIANGOUZHUWUQUANBUSHIGONGWANCHENG;

(2)SHEBEIANZHUANGWANCHENG;

(3)DIANQIANZHUANGWANCHENG;

(4)GUANDAOANZHUANGWANCHENG;

(5)XIANGGUANPEITAOXIANGMU,HANRENYUAN、YIQI,WUSHUIJIJINPAIGUANXIAN,ANQUANCUOSHIJUNYIWANSHAN。

2. 調試準備

(1)ZUCHENGDIAOSHIYUNXINGZHUANMENXIAOZU,HANTUJIAN、SHEBEI、DIANQI、GUANXIAN、SHIGONGRENYUANYIJISHEJIYUJIAFANGDAIBIAOGONGTONGCANYU;? ? ? ? ? ?

(2)JINXINGXIANGYINGDEWUZHIZHUNBEI,RUSHUI(HANWUSHUI、ZILAISHUI),DIAN(YOUJIAFANGFUZETIGONG),QI(YASUOKONGQI、PUQIQIYUAN),YAOJI,GONGJUDEGOUZHI、ZHUNBEI;SHUI:NENGGOUZHIJIEQUYONG,HUOPAIKONG。

QI:KEYIMANZUSHEBEIYUNXINGHEXITONGYUNXINGDEXUYAO。

DIAN:LIANTONGDAOWEI。

YAOJI:CILVSUANNAYAOYE

GONGJU:BIANXIEGONGJUXIANGYIGE,GUANDAOBANSHOUYIFU,BUTIYIFU。

(3)ZHUNBEIBIYAODEGONGSHUI、PAISHUIJICHOUSHUISHEBEI(XIAOFANGRUANGUAN、QIANSHUIBENGDENG);

(4)BIXUDEJIANCESHEBEI、ZHUANGZHI(PHJI、SHIZHI、CODJIANCEYI、 MLSS);

(5)JIANLIDIAOSHIJILU、JIANCEDANGAN。

3. 試水(充水)方式

(1)ANSHEJIGONGYISHUNXUXIANGGEDANYUANJINXINGCHONGSHUISHIYAN;BENGONGCHENGKEWANQUANSHIYONGJIEJINGSHUIHUOQINGDUWURANSHUI(JISHUI、YUSHUI);

(2)JIANGOUZHUWUWEIJINXINGCHONGSHUISHIYANDE,CHONGSHUIANZHAOSHEJIYAOQIUYIBANFENSANCIWANCHENG,JI1/3、1/3、1/3CHONGSHUI,MEICHONGSHUI1/3HOU,ZANTING3-8XIAOSHI,JIANCHAYEMIANBIANDONGJIJIANGOUZHUWUCHITIDESHENLOUHENAIYAQINGKUANG。TEBIEZHUYI:SHEJIBUSHOULIDESHUANGCEJUNSHUIWEIGEQIANG,CHONGSHUIYINGZAIERCETONGSHICHONGSHUI。

YIJINXINGCHONGSHUISHIYANDEJIANGOUZHUWUKEYICICHONGSHUIZHIMANFUHE。

(3)CHONGSHUISHIYANDELINGYIGEZUOYONGSHIANSHEJISHUIWEIGAOCHENGYAOQIU,JIANCHASHUILUSHIFOUCHANGTONG,BAOZHENGZHENGCHANGYUNXINGHOUMANSHUILIANGZILIUHEANQUANCHAOYUEGONGNENG,FANGZHICHUXIANMAOSHUIHEPAOSHUIXIANXIANG。

注:此項應由土建方完成后交于設備供應方。

4. 單機調試

(1)GONGYISHEJIDEDANDUGONGZUOYUNXINGDESHEBEI、ZHUANGZHIHUOFEIBIAOJUNCHENGWEIDANJI。YINGZAICHONGSHUIHOU,JINXINGDANJIDIAOSHI。

(2)DANJIDIAOSHIYINGANZHAOXIALIECHENGXUJINXING:

①ANGONGYIZILIAOYAOQIU,LEJIEDANJIZAIGONGYIGUOCHENGZHONGDEZUOYONGHEGUANXIANLIANJIE。

②RENZHENXIAOHUA、YUEDUDANJISHIYONGSHUOMINGSHU,JIANCHAANZHUANGSHIFOUFUHEYAOQIU,JIZUOSHIFOUGUDINGLAO。

③FANYOUYUNZHUANYAOQIUDESHEBEI,YAOYONGSHOUQIDONGHUOZHEPANDONG,HUOZHEYONGXIAOXINGJIXIEXIEZHUPANDONG。WUYICHANGSHIFANGKEDIANDONG。

④ANSHUOMINGSHUYAOQIU,JIAZHURUNHUAYOU(RUNHUAZHI)JIAZHIYOUBIAOZHISHIWEIZHI。

⑤LEJIEDANJIQIDONGFANGSHI,RULIXINSHISHUIBENGZEKEDAIYAQIDONG;DINGRONGJISHUIBENGZEYINGJIETONGANQUANHUILUGUAN,KAILUQIDONG,ZHUBUTOURUYUNXING;LIXINSHIHUOLUOCIFENGJIZEYINGZAIBUDAIYADETIAOJIANXIAJINXINGQIDONG、TINGJI。

⑥DIANDONGQIDONGHOU,YINGJIANCHADIANJISHEBEIZHUANXIANG,ZAIQUERENZHUANXIANGZHENGQUEHOUFANGKEERCIQIDONG。

⑦DIANDONGWUWUHOU,ZUO3-5minSHIYUNZHUAN,YUNZHUANZHENGCHANGHOU,ZAIZUO1-2hDELIANXUYUNZHUAN,CISHIYAOJIANCHASHEBEIWENSHENG,YIBANSHEBEIGONGZUOWENDUBUYIGAOYU50-60℃,CHUSHUOMINGSHUYOUTESHUGUIDINGZHE,WENSHENGYICHANGSHI,YINGJIANCHAGONGZUODIANLIUSHIFOUZAIGUIDINGFANWEINEI,CHAOGUOGUIDINGFANWEIDEYINGTINGZHIYUNXING,ZHAOCHUYUANYIN,XIAOCHUHOUFANGKEJIXUYUNXING。DANJILIANXUYUNXINGBUSHAOYU2h。

(3)DANCHEYUNXINGSHIYANHOU,YINGTIANXIEYUNXINGSHICHEDAN,QIANZIBEICHA。

5. 單元調試

(1)DANYUANDIAOSHISHIANSHUICHULISHEJIDEMEIGEGONGYIDANYUANJINXINGDE,RUQUEYANGCHIDANYUAN、HAOYANGCHIDANYUAN、MOGUOLVDANYUAN、FANXICAOZUODANYUAN、GUFENGCAOZUODANYUAN………DEBUTONGYAOQIUJINXINGDE。

(2)DANYUANDIAOSHISHIZAIDANYUANNEIDANTAISHEBEISHICHEJICHUSHANGJINXINGDE,YINWEIMEIGEDANYUANKENENGYOUJITAIBUTONGDESHEBEIHEZHUANGZHIZUCHENG,DANYUANSHICHESHIJIANCHADANYUANNEIGESHEBEILIANDONGYUNXINGQINGKUANG,BINGYINGNENGBAOZHENGDANYUANZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。

(3)DANYUANSHICHEZHINENGJIEJUESHEBEIDEXIEDIAOLIANDONG,ERBUNENGBAOZHENGDANYUANDADAOSHEJIQUCHULVDEYAOQIU,YINWEITASHEJIDAOGONGYITIAOJIAN、JUNZHONGDENGHENDUOYINSU,XUYAOZAISHIYUNXINGZHONGJIAYIJIEJUE。

(4)BUTONGGONGYIDANYUANYINGYOUBUTONGDESHICHEFANGFA,YINGANZHAOSHEJIDEXIANGXIBUCHONGGUICHENGZHIXING。

6. 分段調試

(1)FENDUANDIAOSHIHEDANYUANDIAOSHIJIBENYIZHI,ZHUYAOSHIANZHAOSHUICHULIGONGYIGUOCHENGFENLEIJINXINGDIAOSHIDEYIZHONGFANGSHI。

(2)YIBANFENDUANDIAOSHIZHUYAOSHIANQUEYANGHEHAOYANGLIANGDUANJINXINGDE,KEFENBIECANZHAOQUEYANG、HAOYANGDIAOSHIYUNXINGZHIDAOJINXING。

7. 接種菌種

(1)JIEZHONGJUNZHONGSHIZHILIYONGWEISHENGWUSHENGWUXIAOHUAGONGNENGDEGONGYIDANYUAN,RUZHUYAOYOUQUEYANG、HAOYANGGONGYIDANYUAN,JIEZHONGSHIDUISHANGSHUDANYUANERYANDE。

(2)YIJUWEISHENGWUZHONGLEIDEBUTONG,YINGFENBIEJIEZHONGBUTONGDEJUNZHONG。

(3)JIEZHONGLIANGDEDAXIAO:HAOYANGWUNIJIEZHONGLIANGYIBANYINGBUSHAOYUSHUILIANGDE15%。ZHIYAOANZHAOGUIFANSHIGONG,QUEYANG、HAOYANGJUNKEZAIGUIDINGFANWEIZHENGCHANGQIDONG。

(4)JUNZHONGLAIYUAN,QUEYANGWUNI、HAOYANGWUNICAIYONGHUOXINGTUOSHUIWUNI。

8. 馴化培養

(1)XUNHUATIAOJIAN:YIBANLAIJIANG,WEISHENGWUSHENGCHANGTIAOJIANBUNENGFASHENGZOURANDETUCHUBIANHUA,CHANGGUIJIANGYAOYOUYIGESHIYINGGUOCHENG,XUNHUAGUOCHENGYINGDANGYUYUANSHENGCHANGTIAOJIANJINLIANGYIZHI,DANGZUOBUDAOSHI,YIBANYONGCHANGGUISHENGHUOWUSHUIZUOWEIPEIYANGSHUIYUAN,XUNHUASHIWENDUBUDIYU15℃,XUNHUACAIQULIANXUPUQI3-7d,BINGZAIXIANWEIJINGXIAJIANCHAWEISHENGWUSHENGCHANGZHUANGKUANG,HUOZHEYIJUCHANGQISHIJIANJINGYAN,ANZHAOBUTONGDEGONGYIFANGFA(HUOXINGWUNI、SHENGWUMODENG),GUANCHAWEISHENGWUSHENGCHANGZHUANGKUANG,YEKEYONGJIANCHAJINCHUSHUICODDAXIAOLAIPANDUANSHENGHUAZUOYONGDEXIAOGUO。

(2)XUNHUAFANGSHI:XUNHUATIAOJIANJUBEIHOU,LIANXUYUNXINGYIJIANDAOXIAOGUODEQINGKUANGXIA,CAIYONGDIZENGWUSHUIJINSHUILIANGDEFANGSHI,SHIWEISHENGWUZHUBUSHIYINGXINDESHENGHUOTIAOJIAN,DIZENGFUDUDEDAXIAOANYANYANG、HAOYANGGONGYIJIXIANCHANGTIAOJIANYOUSUOBUTONG。YIBANLAIJIANG,HAOYANGZHENGCHANGQIDONGKEZAI5-20dNEIWANCHENG,DIZENGBILIWEI5-10%; 9、QUANXIANDIAOSHI

①DANGSHANGSHUGONGYIDANYUANDIAOSHIWANCHENGHOU,WUSHUICHULIGONGYIQUANXIANGUANTONG,WUSHUICHULIXITONGCHUYUZHENGCHANGTIAOJIANXIA,JIKEJINXINGQUANXIANLIANDIAO。

②ANGONGYIDANYUANSHUNXU,CONGDIYIDANYUANKAISHIJIANCEMEIGEDANYUANDEPH、SS、COD,QUEDINGQUANXIANYUNXINGDEWENTISUOZAI。

③DUIBUNENGDADAOSHEJIYAOQIUDEGONGYIDEDANYUAN,QUANMIANJINXINGJIANCEDIAOSHI,ZHIZHIDADAOYAOQIUWEIZHI。

④GEDANYUANJUNZHENGCHANGHOU,QUANXIANLIANDIAOJIESHU。

10. 抓住重點檢測分析

(1)QUANXIANLIANDIAOZHONG,ANJIANCEJIEGUOJIKEQUEDINGDIAOSHIZHONGDIAN,YIBANLAIJIANG,ZHONGDIANDOUSHISHENGHUADANYUAN。

(2)生化單元調試的主要問題:

①YAORENZHENJIANCHAHEDUIGAIDANYUANJINCHUSHUIKOUDEWEIZHI、BUSHUI、SHOUSHUIFANGSHISHIFOUFUHEGONGYISHEJIYAOQIU。

②ZHENGSHITONGSHUIQIAN,XIANJINXINGTONGQIJIANCE,JITONGQIQIANXIANJIANGFENGJIQIDONGHOU,KAIQIFENGLIANGDE1/4-1/3SONGZHISHENGHUACHIDEPUQIGUANDAOZHONG,JIANCHAGUANDAOSUOYOUJIEDIANDEHANJIEANZHUANGZHILIANG,BUNENGYOULOUQIXIANXIANGFASHENG,BUYIJIANCHASHI,YINGTUMOFEIZAOSHUIJINXINGJIANCHA,FAXIANWENTILIJIXIUFUZHIYAOQIU。

③JIANCHAGUANDAOSUOYOUGUDINGCHUJIGUDINGFANGSHI,BIXULAOGUKEKAO,FANGZHICHANSHENGTONGSHUIHOUGUANDAOCHANSHENGSONGDONGXIANXIANG。

④JIANCHAPUQIGUAN、PUQITOUDEANZHUANGZHILIANG,BUJINYAOQIULAOGUKEKAO,ERQIECHUYUTONGYISHUIPINGMIANSHANG,GAODIWUCHABUDAYU±1㎜,JIANCHAWUWUHOUFANGKETONGSHUI。

⑤SHOUCITONGSHUISHENDUWEIYANMEIPUQITOU、PUQIGUANSHENDU0.5mZUOYOU,KAIDONGFENGJIJINXINGPUQI,JIANCHAGEPUQITOUPUQIGUANSHIFOUJUNHENGPUQI。FOUZE,YINGPAISHUIJINXINGZHONGXINANZHUANG,ZHIZHIDADAOYAOQIUWEIZHI。

⑥JIXUCHONGSHUI,ZHIDAODADAOZHENGCHANGGONGZUOZHUANGTAI,ZAICIQIDONGPUQIYINGNENGZHENGCHANGGONGZUO,QILIANGDA、QIPAOXI、FANGUNJUNYUNWEIZUIJIAZHUANGTAI。

⑦DUIBUTONGSHENGHUAFANGSHIYAOYANGEKONGZHIRONGJIEYANG(DO)LIANG。QUEYANGGONGYIDOYINGKONGZHIZAIXIAOYU0.5mg/LFANWEINEI;YANGHUAGONGYIZEYINGBAOZHENGDOBUXIAOYU2--4mg/L。CHAOGUOSHANGSHUGUIDINGJIANGKENENGPOHUANXITONGZHENGCHANGYUNXING。

11. 改善缺陷、補充完善

(1)LIANXUDIAOSHIHOUFASHENGDEWENTI,YINGSHENZHONGYANJIUHOU,CAIQUXIANGYINGBUJIUCUOSHIYUYIWANSHAN,BAOZHENGDADAOSHEJIYAOQIU。

(2) YIBANLAIJIANG,GAIJINCUOSHIKEYUZHENGCHANGDIAOSHITONGBUJINXING,ZHIDAOXITONGWANCHENGYANSHOUWEIZHI。

12. 試運行

(1) XITONGDIAOSHIJIESHUHOUYINGJISHIZHUANRUSHIYUNXING。

(2) SHIYUNXINGKAISHI,ZEYINGYAOQIUJIANSHEFANGZHENGSHIPAIRENCANYU,BINGZAISHIYUNXINGZHONGDUIJIANSHEFANGRENYUANJINXINGXITONGPEIXUN,SHIQIZHANGWOYUNXINGCAOZUO。

(3)SHIYUNXINGSHIJIANYIBANWEI5--10TIAN。SHIYUNXINGJIESHUHOU,ZEYINGYUJIANSHEFANGJINXINGXITONGJIAOJIE,JISHIYUNXINGQIANQIWUSHUIZHANQUANBUSHESHI、SHEBEI、ZHUANGZHIDEBAOGUANJIYUNXINGZERENYOUGONGCHENGSHIGONGCHENGBAOFANGZIXINGCHENGDAN;SHIYUNXINGQI,ZEYOUSHIGONGFANG、JIANSHEFANGGONGTONGCHENGDAN,YISHIGONGFANGWEIZHU;SHIYUNXINGJIAOJIEHOUZEYIJIANSHEFANGWEIZHU,SHIGONGFANGXIEZHU;JUNGONGYANSHOUHOUZEQUANQUANYOUJIANSHEFANGFUZE。

13. 自驗檢測

(1)YOUSHIGONGFANGZHIDINGZIYANJIANCEFANGAN,BINGZUOHAOXIANGYINGJILU。

(2)LIANXUSANTIAN,ANGUIDINGQUSHUIYANG(MEI2hYICI,24hWEIYIGEHUNHEYANG),FENBIEZAIJINCHUSHUIKOULIANXUCHOUQU,MEITIANJINXINGJIANCE(ZHUYAOWEICOD、 PH、 SS),HEGEHOUJIRENDINGZIJIANHEGE。

14. 交驗檢測

(1)YOUSHIGONGFANGJIANGZIJIANJIEGUOXIANGJIANSHEFANGHUIBAO,JIANSHEFANGRENTONGHOU,YOUJIANSHEFANGJICHUJIAOYANSHUMIANSHENQINGBAOGAO,BAOQINGDANGDIHUANBAOJIANCEZHUGUANBUMENQIANLAIJIANCE。

(2)SHIGONGFANG,JIANSHEFANGGONGTONGZHUNBEITIAOJIAN,PEIHEHUANBAOZHUGUANBUMENJINXINGJIANCE。

(3)JIANCEBAOGAOWANCHENGHOU,GONGCHENGJISHUYANSHOUWANCHENG。

15. 竣工驗收

(1)YOUSHIGONGFANGXIANGJIANSHEFANGTIJIAOJUNGONGYANSHOUSHENQING,BINGXIANGJIANSHEFANGTIGONGJUNGONGZILIAO。

(2)YOUJIANSHEFANGZUZHI,BINGZHENGSHIQICAOJUNGONGYANSHOUBAOGAO,BAOQINGZHUGUANBUMENZUZHIYANSHOU。

(3)ZHENGSHIBANLIJUNGONGYANSHOUSHOUXU。