銀川佳通污水站培訓資料——生化系統

                   

HUOXINGWUNI

活性污泥處理系統有效運行的基本條件是什么?

(1)WUSHUIZHONGHANYOUZUGOUDEKERONGXING、YIJIANGJIEDEYOUJIWU,ZUOWEIWEISHENGWUSHENGLIHUODONGSUOBIXUDEYINGYANGWUZHI。

(2)WUNIHUNHEYEZHONGYAOYOUZUGOUDERONGJIEYANG,WEICHIHAOYANGWEISHENGWUDEZHONGQUNYOUSHI,BAOCHIQIXINCHENDAIXIEHUOXING,YOUXIAODIQUCHUWUSHUIZHONGDEWURANWUZHI。

(3)HUOXINGWUNIZAICHINEICHENGXUANFUZHUANGTAI,SHIHUOXINGWUNINENGGOUCHONGFENDIYUWUSHUIXIANGJIECHU,SHIHUOXINGWUNIDEYOUJIFUHEJUNHENG。

(4)YAOBAOZHENGHUOXINGWUNILIANXUHUILIU,BINGJISHIDIPAICHUSHENGYUWUNI,SHIHUNHEYEBAOCHIYIDINGDEHUOXINGWUNINONGDU。

(5)YINGJINKENENGDIFANGZHIDUIWEISHENGWUYOUDUHAIZUOYONGDEWUZHIJINRU。DANGNANYIFANGZHIYOUDUHAIWUZHIJINRUHUOXINGWUNIXITONGSHI,YINGKONGZHIQIZAIHUOXINGWUNIXITONGZHONGDENONGDUZAIBUDUIWEISHENGWUCHANSHENGYANZHONGYIZHIDECHENGDU,TONGGUOYIDINGSHIJIANDEXUNHUA,SHENGHUAXITONGKEZHUJIANHUIFUZHENGCHANG。

活性污泥法凈化污水的主要過程是什么?活性污泥法凈化污水包括三個主要過程:

(1)XIFU。ZAIHENDUOHUOXINGWUNIXITONGLI,DANGWUSHUIYUWUNIJIECHUHOUHENDUANSHIJIAN(10—40min)NEIJIUCHUXIANLEHENGAODEYOUJIWU(BOD)QUCHULV。ZHEGECHUQIGAOSUQUCHUXIANXIANGSHIXIFUZUOYONGYINQIDE。YOUYUWUNIBIAOMIANJIHENDA(JIEYU2000、10000m

2

/m

3

混合液),且表面具有多糖類黏質層,因此可以認為污水中懸浮的和膠體的物質是被絮凝和吸附去除的。通過吸附作用,有機物只是從水中轉移到污泥上,其性質并未立即發生變化。活性污泥的吸附能力將隨著吸附量的增加而減弱。如果回流污泥未經充分曝氣,儲存在微生物體內的有機物未充分氧化分解,活性污泥尚未達到內源呼吸階段,這時污泥的吸附能力較差。

(2)WEISHENGWUDAIXIEZUOYONG。HUOXINGWUNIWEISHENGWUYIWUSHUIZHONGGEZHONGYOUJIWUZUOWEIYINGYANG,ZAIYOUYANGDETIAOJIANXIA,JIANGQIZHONGYIBUFENYOUJIWUHECHENGXINDEXIBAOWUZHI(YUANSHENGZHI);DUILINGYIBUFENYOUJIWUZEJINXINGFENJIEDAIXIE,JIYANGHUAFENJIEYIHUODEHECHENGXINXIBAOSUOXUYAODENENGLIANG,BINGZUIZHONGXINGCHENGC0

2

和H

2

0等穩定物質。

(3)XUNINGTIDEXINGCHENGYUNINGJUCHENDIAN。XUNINGTISHIHUOXINGWUNIDEJIBENJIEGOU,TANENGGOUFANGZHIWEIXINGDONGWUDUIYOULIXIJUNDETUNSHI,BINGCHENGSHOUPUQIDENGWAIJIEBULIYINSUDEYINGXIANG,GENGYOULIYUYUCHULISHUIDEFENLI。NINGJUDEYUANYINZHUYAOSHIXIJUNTINEIJILEIDEJUSUOJIDINGSUANSHIFANGDAOYEXIANG,CUSHIXIJUNJIANXIANGHUNINGJU,JIECHENGRONGLIWEISHENGWUSHEQUGUOCHENGSHIFANGDENIANXINGWUZHICUJINNINGJUZAIBUTONGDETIAOJIANXIA,XIBAONEIBUDENENGLIANGBUTONG,DANGWAIJIEYINGYANGBUZUSHI,WEISHENGWUDESHENGCHANGCHUYUJINGZHIQIHESHUAIWANGQI,WEISHENGWUXIBAONEIBUNENGLIANGJIANGDI,BIAOMIANDIANHEJIANSHAO,XIBAOKELIJIANDEJIEHELIDAYUPAICHILI,XINGCHENGRONGLI。ERDANGYINGYANGCHONGZU(WUSHUIYUHUOXINGWUNIHUNHECHUQI,F/MJIAODA)SHI,WEISHENGWUDESHENGCHANGCHUYUDUISHUZENGCHANGQI,WEISHENGWUXIBAONEIBUNENGLIANGDA,BIAOMIANDIANHEZENGDA,XINGCHENGDERONGLIZHONGXINFENSAN。CHENDIANSHIHUNHEYEZHONGGUXIANGHUOXINGWUNIKELIXIANGWUSHUIFENLIDEGUOCHENG。

活性污泥處理系統運行過程中應考慮的主要影響因素有哪些?

(1)RONGJIEYANG(DO)。GONGYANGBUZU,RONGJIEYANGNONGDUGUODI,JIUHUISHIHUOXINGWUNIWEISHENGWUZHENGCHANGDEXINCHENDAIXIEHUODONGSHOUDAOYINGXIANG,JINGHUANENGLIJIANGDI,QIEYIYUZISHENGSIZHUANGJUN,CHANSHENGWUNIPENGZHANGXIANXIANG。RONGJIEYANGNONGDUGUOGAO,YANGDEZHUANYIXIAOLVJIANGDI,ZENGGAOSUOXUDONGLIFEIYONG,ZAOCHENGHUOXINGWUNIDEGUOYANGHUA,SHIWUNIFASAN,YINGXIANGCHENDIANXIAOGUO。GENJUJINGYAN,ZAIPUQICHICHUKOUCHUDEHUNHEYEZHONGDERONGJIEYANGNONGDUBAOCHIZAI2mg/LZUOYOU,JIUNENGGOUSHIHUOXINGWUNIBAOCHILIANGHAODEJINGHUAGONGNENG。

(2)SHUIWEN。WENDUYINGXIANGZHUYAOFANYINGZAILIANGFANGMIAN:①SUIZHUWENDUZAIYIDINGFANWEINEISHENGGAO,XIBAOZHONGDESHENGHUAFANYINGSULVJIAKUAI,HUOXINGWUNIDEZENGZHISUDUYEJIAKUAI;②XIBAODEZUCHENGWUZHI,RUDANBAIZHI、HESUANDENGDUIWENDUHENMINGAN,RUOWENDUTURANDAFUDUZENGGAO,BINGCHAOGUOYIDINGXIANDU,KESHIQIZUZHIZAOSHOUDAOBUKENIDEPOHUAI,ZAOCHENGWEISHENGWUDESIWANG,YINGXIANGSHENGHUAXITONGDEWENDING。HUOXINGWUNIWEISHENGWUDEZUISHIWENDUFANWEISHI15~30℃。

(3)YINGYANGWUZHI。WEISHENGWUDUIDANHELINDEXUYAOLIANGKEANBOD:N:P=100:5:1LAIJISUAN。

(4)pHZHI。HUOXINGWUNIWEISHENGWUDEZUISHIpHJIEYU6.5~8.5ZHIJIAN。RUpHZHIJIANGZHI,4.5YIXIA,YUANSHENGDONGWUQUANBUXIAOSHI,ZHENJUNJIANGZHANYOUSHI,YIYUCHANSHENGWUNIPENGZHANGXIANXIANG,YANZHONGYINGXIANGHUOXINGWUNIDECHULIXIAOGUO。DANGpHZHICHAOGUO9.0SHI,WEISHENGWUDEDAIXIESUDUJIANGSHOUDAOYINGXIANG。

(5)YOUDUWUZHI(YIZHIWUZHI)DUIWEISHENGWUYOUDUHAIZUOYONGHUOYIZHIZUOYONGDEWUZHIJIAODUO,DAZHIKEFENWEIZHONGJINSHU、QINGHUAWU、H2S、LUZUYUANSUJIQIHUAHEWUDENGWUJIWUZHI,FEN、CHUN、QUAN、RANLIAODENGYOUJIHUAHEWU。

(6)YOUJIFUHELV。HUOXINGWUNIXITONGDEYOUJIFUHELV,YOUCHENGWEIBODWUNIFUHE。TASUOBIAOSHIDESHIPUQICHINEIDANWEIZHILIANGDEHUOXINGWUNIZAIDANWEISHIJIANNEICHENGSHOUDEYOUJIWUZHILIANG。

如何進行活性污泥的培養與馴化?活性污泥是通過一定的方法培養和馴化出來的。培養的目的是使微生物增殖,達到一定的污泥濃度;馴化則是對混合微生物群進行選擇和誘導,使具有降解污水中污染物活性的微生物成為優勢。培養與馴化方法培養與馴化方法有:異步法和同步法。

YIBUFAZHUYAOSHIYONGYUGONGYEWUSHUI,CHENGXUSHI:JIANGJINGGUOCULVDENONGFENBIANSHUITOURENPUQICHI,YONGSHENGHUOWUSHUI(HUOHESHUI)XISHICHENGBODYUE300~500mg/L,JIAPEIYANGYE,LIANXUPUQI1~2d,CHINEICHUXIANXUZHUANGWUHOU,TINGZHIPUQI,JINGZHICHENDIAN1~1.5h,PAICHUSHANGQINGYE(YUECHIRONGDE50%~70%),ZAIJIAFENBIANSHUIHEXISHISHUI,ZHONGXINPUQI,DAIWUNISHULIANGZENGJIAYIDINGNONGDUHOU(YUE1~2ZHOU),KAISHIJINGONGYEWUSHUI(10%~20%),DANGCHULIXIAOGUOWENDING(BODQUCHULVDA80%~90%)HEWUNIXINGNENGLIANGHAOSHI,ZAIZENGJIAGONGYEWUSHUIDEBILI,MEICIYIZENGJIA10%~20%,ZHIZHIMANFUHE。

TONGBUFASHIYONGYUCHULICHENGSHIWUSHUIHEYISHENGHUOWUSHUIWEIZHUDEGONGYEFEISHUI,JIPUQICHIQUANBUJINWUSHUI,LIANXUPUQI,ERCHENCHIBUPAINI,QUANBUHUILIU。HUOXINGWUNIPEIYANGCHENGSHUDEBIAOZHISHITAJUYOULIANGHAODENINGJU、CHENDIANXINGNENG,WUSHUIZHONGHANYOUDALIANGDEJUNJIAOTUANHEXIANMAOLEIYUANSHENGDONGWU。

活性污泥法處理系統運行操作效果檢測的常用指標有哪些?

(1)JIN、CHUSHUIDEBOD/CODBIZHI。CHUSHUIDEBOD/CODYIBANXIAOYU0.2。

(2)CHUSHUIDEXUANFUGUTI(SS)。YIBANYUNXINGXIAOGUOHAODEHUOXINGWUNIXITONG,QICHUSHUISSXIAOYU20mg/L。

(3)JIN、CHUERCHENCHIHUNHEYEDESHANGQINGYEDEBOD(HUOCOD)。ZAIZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,JIN、CHUERCHENCHIDEHUNHEYEDESHANGQINGYEDEBOD(HUOCOD)NONGDUBUHUIYOUTAIDABIANHUA。DANGXITONGYUNXINGYICHANGSHI,PUQICHIWUNIHUNHEYEZHONGDEYOUJIWUSHANGWEIWANQUANJIANGJIEJIBEISONGRENERCHENCHI,ZAICHENDIANCHIZHONG,WUNIWEISHENGWUKELIYONGCANLIUDERONGJIEYANGJIXUYANGHUAFENJIECANLIUDEYOUJIWU,ZAOCHENGERCHENCHISHANGQINGYEZHONGBOD(HUOCOD)YOUJIAODADEXIAJIANG,KEJUCILAIPANDUANXITONGSHENGHUAZUOYONGJINXINGDESHIFOUWANQUANHECHEDI。

(4)JIN、CHUERCHENCHIHUNHEYEZHONGDERONGJIEYANG(DO)。JIN、CHUERCHENCHIHUNHEYEDERONGJIEYANG(DO)ZAIZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIABUYINGYOUTAIDABIANHUA。DANGFAXIANDOYOUJIAODABIANHUASHI,SHUOMINGSHIHUOXINGWUNIHUNHEYEJINRENERCHENCHIHOUDEHOUJISHENGWUJIANGJIEZUOYONGHAOYANGSUOZHI。

(5)PUQICHIZHONGRONGJIEYANG(DO)DEBIANHUA。PUQICHIJINSHUIDUANYINYOUJIWUNONGDUJIAOGAO,WUNIHAOYANGLIANGJIAOGAO,YINCIQIDOZHIJIAODI,DAOPUQICHIMODUAN,YOUJIWUNONGDUJIANGDI,HAOYANGLIANGJIANGDI,QIDOZHISHANGSHENG。

(6)PUQICHIHUNHEYEDEMLSS、CHENJIANGBIHEWUNIZHISHU。MLSSGUOGAO,JIUYINGJIADASHENGYUWUNIDEPAIFANGLIANG;GUODI,JIUYINGJIANSHAOHUOTINGZHISHENGYUWUNIDEPAIFANG。CHENJIANGBISVYIBANKONGZHIZAI30%YINEI,JIAOGAOSHI,YINGXIANJISUANWUNIZHISHU,PANDUANWUNISHIFOUZHENGCHANG,ZAIQUEDINGSHIFOUPAINIHUOCAIQUQITACUOSHI。

活性污泥法運行操作中常見的異常情況有哪些?可采取的相關解決措施是什么?

(1)WUNIPENGZHANG。WUNIPENGZHANGSHIZHIHUOXINGWUNIDENINGJU、CHENJIANGXINGNENGEHUA,DAOZHICHULIXITONGCHUSHUISHUIZHIHUNZHUODEXIANXIANG。ZHENGCHANGHUOXINGWUNIDEHANSHUILVYIBANZAI99.7%ZUOYOU,JUYOULIANGHAODECHENJIANGXINGNENG。ERDANGHUOXINGWUNIYINMOUZHONGYUANYINFASHENGBIANZHISHI,QIHANSHUILVSHANGSHENG,TIJIPENGZHANG,CHENGQINGYEJIANSHAO,NANYUCHENDIANFENLI,FASHENGSUOWEIWUNIPENGZHANGDEXIANXIANG。WUNIPENGZHANGDEZHUYAOYUANYINZHIYISHIDALIANGSIZHUANGJUN(TEBIESHIQIUYIXIJUN)HUOZHENJUNZAIWUNINEIFANZHI,SHINIKUAISONGSAN,MIDUJIANGDISUOZHI。SIZHUANGJUNHEZHENJUNSHENGCHANGSHIXUYAOJIAODUODETANSU,DUIDAN、LIN,TEBIESHIRONGJIEYANGDEYAOQIUJIAODI,YINCI,ZAIFEISHUIZHONGTANSHUIHUAHEWUJIAODUO,PUQICHIRONGJIEYANGBUZU,YANGLIAOPEIBIBUDANG,SHUIWENPIANGAOHUOpHZHIPIANDIDENGCHANGHEXIA,DOURONGYIYINQIWUNIPENGZHANGXIANXIANGDEFASHENG。DANGWUNIFASHENGPENGZHANGHOU,JIEJUEDEBANFAKEZHENDUIYINQIPENGZHANGDEYUANYINCAIQUCUOSHI:RUQUEYANG、SHUIWENGAODENGKEJIADAPUQILIANG,HUOJIANGDIJINSHUILIANGYIJIANQINGFUHE,HUOSHIDANGJIANGDIMISSZHI,SHIXUYANGLIANGJIANSHAODENGRUWUNIFUHELVGUOGAO,KESHIDANGTIGAOMLSSZHI,YIDIAOZHENGFUHE。BIYAOSHIHUANYAOTINGZHIJINSHUI,“MENPU”YIDUANSHIJIAN。RUQUEDAN、LIN、TIEYANGLIAO,KETOUJIAXIAOHUAWUNIYEHUODAN、LINDENGCHENGFEN;RUpHZHIGUODI,KETOUJIASHIHUIDENGDIAOJIEpHZHI;RUWUNIDALIANGLIUSHI,KETOUJIA5~10mg/LLVHUATIE,BANGZHUNINGJU,CIJIJUNJIAOTUANSHENGCHANG,YEKETOUJIAPIAOBAIFENHUOYELV(ANSHIWUNIDE0.3%~0.6%TOUJIA),YIZHISIZHUANGJUNFANZHI。

(2)WUNIBUZENGCHANGHUOJIANSHAO。WUNIBUZENGCHANGHUOJIANSHAOZHUYAOYINWEIWUNISHANGFULIUSHIHUOYANGLIAOBUZU,YOUJIWUHANLIANGSHAO,YEYOUKENENGSHISHENGYUWUNIPAIFANGGUODUO。

FANGZHIBANFASHI:TIGAOCHENDIANXIAOLV,FANGZHIWUNILIUSHI;TOURENZUGOUYANGLIAO,BAOKUOJINSHUISHUILIANG;RUGUOYANGLIAOSHAO,YINGJIANSHAOKONGQILIANG,FANGZHI“GUOYANGHUA”;YANGLIAODUO,YINGZENGJIAPUQILIANG,SHIHUOXINGWUNIXUNSUZENGCHANG;JIANSHAOSHENGYUWUNIDEPAIFANGLIANG。

(3)PAOMOWENTI。PUQICHIZHONGCHANSHENGPAOMODEZHUYAOYUANYINSHI:WUSHUIZHONGCUNZAIDALIANGHECHENGXIDIJIHUOQITAQIPAOWUZHI。PAOMOHUIGEISHENGCHANCAOZUODAILAIYIDINGKUNNAN,RUYINGXIANGCAOZUOHUANJING,DAIZOUDALIANGWUNI。DANGCAIYONGJIXIEPUQISHI,HUANNENGYINGXIANGXIELUNDECHONGYANGNENGLI。XIAOCHUPAOMODEZHUYAOCUOSHIYOU:ZAIPUQICHISHANGANZHUANGXIAOPAOSHUIGUANDAO,YONGYALISHUIPENSA,DAPOPAOMO;CHUPAOJI(JIYOU、MEIYOUDENG)YIPOCHUPAOMO,YOULEIWUZHIDETOULIANGKONGZHIZAI0.5~l.5mg/LFANWEINEI,GUOGAO,HUIYINQIERCIWURAN,BINGQIEDUIWEISHENGWUHUOXINGYOUYINGXIANG;TIGAOPUQICHIZHONGHUOXINGWUNIDENONGDUDENG。

(4)WUNIDETUODAN。DANGJINSHUIZHONGHANYOUJIAODUODEDANHUAHEWU,XITONGYUNXINGDEPUQISHIJIANJIAOCHANG、PUQILIANGCHONGFENSHI,ZAIPUQICHIZHONGSUOFASHENGDEGAODUXIAOHUAZUOYONGHUISHIHUNHEYEZHONGHANYOUJIAODUODEXIAOSUANYAN。DANGHOUXUJINXINGNI-SHUIFENLICAOZUODECHENDIANCHIDANGZHONGCHUXIANRONGJIEYANGDIYU0.5mg/LDETIAOJIANSHI,JIUHUIZAIWUNIQUZHONGFASHENGFANXIAOHUAXIJUNJIANGXIAOSUANYANHUANYUANCHENGDANQIDEFANXIAOHUAZUOYONGGUOCHENG。ZHEYANGYICHUDEDANQIJIUHUIXIEDAIWUNIYIQIFUSHENG,DAOZHIWUNIDESHANGFU。FANGZHIYOUYUTUODANERYINQIWUNISHANGSHENGDEBANFA:①ZENGJIAWUNIDEHUILIULIANGHUOJISHIPAIFANGSHENGYUWUNI,YIJIANSHAOCHENDIANCHIZHONGDEWUNILIANGJITINGLIUSHIJIAN,BIMIANCHUXIANQUEYANGHUOYANYANGXIANXIANG。②JIANSHAOXITONGDEPUQILIANGHUOSUODUANPUQISHIJIAN,YIJIANRUOPUQICHIDEXIAOHUAZUOYONG,DANXUYAOCHULINTUODANDEGONGYI,BUYISHIYONG。

(5)WUNIFUHUA。RUGUOCAOZUOBUDANG,XITONGPUQILIANGGUOXIAO,ZEERCHENCHIDEWUNIKENENGYOUYUQUEYANGERFUHUA,JIZAOCHENGYANYANGFENJIE,CHANSHENGDALIANGQITI,XIEDAIWUNISHANGSHENG。CISHI,YINGJIADASHENGHUAXITONGDEPUQILIANG,YIBAOZHENGXITONGZHENGCHANGYUNXING。

(6)WUNIJIETI。CHULISHUIHUNZHUO,WUNIXUNINGTIWEIXIHUA,CHULIXIAOGUOBIANHUAIDENGJUNSHUWUNIJIETIXIANXIANG。DAOZHIZHEZHONGYICHANGXIANXIANGDEYUANYINYOUYUNXINGZHONGDEWENTI,YEYOUYINWUSHUIZHONGHUNRENYOUDUWUZHISUOZHI。YUNXINGBUDANG,RUPUQILIANGGUODA,HUISHIHUOXINGWUNIDEYINGYANGPINGHENGZAODAOPOHUAI,SHIWEISHENGWULIANGJIANSHAOERSHIQUHUOXING,XIFUNENGLIJIANGDI,XUNINGTISUOXIAOZHIMI,YIBUFENZECHENGWEIBUYICHENDIANDEYUMAOZHUANGWUNI,ZAOCHENGCHULISHUISHUIZHIHUNZHUO、SVIZHIJIANGDIDENG。DANGWUSHUIZHONGCUNZAIYOUDUWUZHISHI,WEISHENGWUHUISHOUDAOYIZHIHUOSHANGHAI,SHENGHUANENGLIXIAJIANGHUOWANQUANTINGZHI,CONGERSHIWUNISHIQUHUOXING。

PUQISHEBEI

曝氣設備的主要作用是什么?曝氣設備的主要作用是使空氣中的氧轉移到混合液中而被微生物利用,為活性污泥微生物提供所需的溶解氧,以保障微生物代謝過程的需氧量,同時還起到混合和攪抖的作用,曝氣可使曝氣池中的污泥處于懸浮狀態,使污水中的有機物、活性污泥和溶解氧三者都均勻混合,提高活性污泥的降解效率。

衡量曝氣設備效能的指標有哪些?(1)氧轉移率,單位為mgO

2

/(L·h);(2)充氧能力(或動力效率),即每消耗1kW·h動力能傳遞到水中的氧量(或氧傳遞速率),單位為kgO

2

/(kW·h);(3)氧利用率,通過鼓風曝氣系統轉移到混合液中的氧量占總供氧的百分比,單位為%。

鼓風曝氣系統的基本組成有哪些?其作用是什么?鼓風曝氣屬于深層充氧的方式,其曝氣系統由鼓風機、空氣凈化器、空氣輸配管系統和浸沒于混合液中的擴散器組成。鼓風機所提供的風量應能滿足生化反應的需氧量以及保持混合液懸浮固體呈懸浮狀態的需求,而其所提供的風壓除需滿足克服管道系統和擴散器的阻力損耗以及擴散器上部的凈水壓之外,還需滿足擴散器所要求的出口余壓。

(1)GUFENGJICHANGYONGDEYOULIXINGUFENGJIHELUOCIGUFENGJI。ZHONGXIAOXINGWUSHUICHULICHANGYIBANCAIYONGLUOCIGUFENGJI,DANQIQUEDIANSHIZAOSHENGTAIDA,BIXUCAIQUXIAOYINHUOGEYINCUOSHI。DAXINGWUSHUICHULIKECAIYONGLIXINGUFENGJI,LIXINGUFENGJIDEYOUDIANSHIZAOSHENGJIAOXIAO,QIEXIAOLVJIAOGAO。

(2)KONGQIJINGHUAQIDEZUOYONGSHIGUOLVJINQIZHONGDEXUANFUKELIWU,FANGZHIKUOSANQIBEIZAZHIDUSAI,GAISHANZHENGGEQIXITONGDEYUNXINGZHUANGTAI。

(3)KONGQISHUSONGGUANDAOSHIFENGJICHUKOUZHIPUQIQIDETONGDAO,QISHUSONGHEPEIQIZUOYONG。YIBANPUQICHIYEMIANYISHANGBUFENCAIYONGHANJIEGANGGUAN,YEMIANYIXIABUFENCAIYONGPVCHUOABSGUANCAI。PUQICHIDEFENGGUANYILIANCHENGHUANWANG,YIZENGJIALINGHUOXING,GAISHANBUQIXIAOGUO,FENGGUANJIERUPUQICHISHI,GUANDINGYINGGAOCHUSHUIMIANZHISHAO0,5m,YIMIANHUISHUI。FENGGUANZHONGKONGQILIUSUYIBANWEIGAN、ZHIGUAN10~15m/s,SHUGUAN、XIAOZHIGUAN4~5m/s,LIUSUBUYIGUOGAO,YIMIANCHANSHENGZAOSHENG。

(4)KUOSANQISHIZHENGGEGUFENGPUQIXITONGDEGUANJIANBUWEI,TADEZUOYONGSHIJIANGGUFENGJISUOTIGONGDEYASUOKONGQIFENSANCHENGJINKENENGXIAODEKONGQIPAO,YIZENGDAKONGQIHEHUNHEYEDEJIECHUJIEMIAN,CUJINKONGQIZHONGDEYANGRONGJIEDAOSHUIZHONGDECHUANZHIGUOCHENG。KONGQIKUOSANSHEBEIJIPUQIQI,QIZHUYAOLEIXINGYOUWEIQIPAO、ZHONGQIPAO、DAQIPAO、SHUILIJIANQIE、SHUILICHONGJIDENGLEIXING。

為保證鼓風機的運行應重點注意那些方面?

(1)BAOZHENGGUFENGJIFANGDETONGFENGLIANGHAO。GUFENGJISHIWUSHUICHULIXITONGZHONGDEHAONENGDAHU,QIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGHUICHANSHENGRELIANG,RUOQIWENDUBUNENGJISHIKUOSAN,YOUQISHIZAIXIAJI,HUIDAOZHIGUFENGJIWENSHENGGUOGAO。ZHEYANGBUJINHUIYINGXIANGDIANDONGJIDESHOUMING,YANZHONGSHIHUANHUISHIGUFENGJIYINDONGLIBUZU,ZAOCHENGGUFENGJITINGJI。BIYAOSHIKECAIYONGKONGDIAOJIANGWENDEFANGSHI,JIEJUEGUFENGJIWENSHENGWENTI。SHIYONGKONGDIAOSHI,KECAIYONGDUISHINEIKONGQIJIANGWENHEZHIJIEGEIGUFENGJIJINQIJIANGWENLIANGZHONGFANGSHI。

(2)RICHANGGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONGYINGJINGCHANGJIANCHAGUFENGJIDEJIN、CHUKOUFENGYA。RUOJINFENGFENGYAGUODI,ZEYINGJISHIQINGXIHUOGENGHUANJINFENGGUOLVQI,RUOCHUFENGFENGYAGUOGAO,ZEYINGJIANCHACHUQIGUANLU,QIYUANYINKENENGSHIPUQIQIWEIKONGMODUSAIHUOKONGQIGUANDAOJISHUI,JISHIQINGXIWEIKONGMOHUOFANGSHUIJIKEJIEJUE。

(3)YINGKONGZHIGUFENGJIDECHUQIWENDU,YOUQISHIXIATIAN。CHUQIWENDUGUOGAOJINNENGYINQIFENGJIWENDUDESHENGGAO,ERQIEHUANYINGXIANGCHONGYANGLIANG。YIBANKECAIQUBAOLUBINGFANGZHITAIYANGZHISHEFANGSHIYUFANG。

(4)ZHUYIRUNHUABAOYANG。YANGEANZHAOGUFENGJICHANGJIAYAOQIUDEYUNXING、BAOYANGCAOZUOGUICHENG,DINGQIJIANCHABINGJISHIGENGHUANRUNHUAYOU。

羅茨鼓風機的工作原理及其特點是什么?羅茨鼓風機是一種雙轉子樂縮機械,雙轉子和軸線相互平行,轉子由葉輪和軸組合血成,葉輪之間、葉輪與機殼之間留有微小的間隙以免直接接觸,雙轉子由電機通過一對同步齒輪驅動作方向相反的等速轉動,借助于葉輪的相互配合、鼓風機的進、出氣彼此互相隔離,使排出的氣體無法返回到進氣室而被壓送進人出氣管道。

YULIXINGUFENGJIXIANGBI,LUOCIGUFENGJIJUYOUJIEGOUJIANDAN、WUCHUANZHEN、YATOUGAO、LIULIANGSHOUZULIYINGXIANGXIAO、SONGFENGWENDINGDENGYOUDIAN,DANXIAOLVJIAODI、ZAOSHENGDA。LUOCIGUFENGJIDEJINQIWENDUYINGBUGAOYU40℃,QITIZHONGGUTIKELIDEHANLIANGYINGDIYU100mg/m,KELIZHIJINGYINGXIAOYUQIGANGNEIGEXIANGDUIYUNDONGBUJIANDEZUIXIAOGONGZUOJIANXIDEYIBAN,DANRUOCAIYONGDESHIWEIKONGPUQIZHUANGZHI,HUANYINGKAOLVPUQIMODUSAIDEWENTI

如何進行羅茨鼓風機的運行操作?新安裝或經過檢修的鼓風機,均應進行運轉前的空載與負荷試車,一般空載運轉2~4h,然后按出廠技術要求,逐漸加壓到滿負荷試車8h以上,操作方法如下:

(1)KAICHEQIANDEZHUNBEIYUJIANCHA。

①DIANYUANDIANYADEBODONGZHIZAI380V+10%FANWEINEI。

②YIBIAOHEDIANQISHEBEICHUYULIANGHAOZHUANGTAI,DAICHAJIEXIANQINGKUANG,XUJIEDIDEDIANQISHEBEIYINGKEKAOJIEDI。

③GUFENGJIHEGUANDAOGEJIEHEMIANLIANJIELUOSHUAN、JIZUOLUOSHUAN、LIANZHOUQIZHUXIAOLUOSHUANJUNYINGJINGU。

④CHILUNYOUXIANGNEIRUNHUAYOUYINGANGUIDINGPAIHAOJIADAOYOUBIAOXIANDEZHONGWEI。ZHOUFENGZHUANGZHIYINGYONGYAZHUYOUBEIJIARUSHILIANGDERUNHUAYOU。

⑤ANGUFENGJIXUANXIANG,YONGSHOUPANDONGLIANZHOUQI2~3QUAN,JIANCHAJINEISHIFOUYOUMOCAPENGZHUANGXIANXIANG。

⑥GUFENGJICHUFENGFAYINGGUANBI,PANGTONGFACHUYUQUANKAIZHUANGTAI,DUIANQUANFAJIN

XINGXIAOYAN。

⑦JIANCHAPIDAISONGJINCHENGDU,BIYAOSHIJINXINGDIAOZHENG。

⑧KONGQIGUOLVQIYINGQINGJIEHECHANGTONG,BIYAOSHIJINXINGQINGXIANHUOGENGHUAN。

(2)KONGZAIYUNZHUAN。

①ANDIANQICAOZUOSHUNXUKAIQIFENGJI。

②KONGZAIYUNZHUANQIJIAN,YINGZHUYIJIZUDEZHENDONGZHUANGKUANGHEQINGTINGZHUANZIYOUWUPENGZHUANGSHENGHEMOCASHENG,YOUWUZHUANZIYUJIKEJUBUMOCAFAREXIANXIANG。

③GUNDONGZHOUCHENGZHICHENGCHUYINGWUZASHENGHETURANFAREMAOYANZHUANGKUANG,ZHOUCHENGCHUWENDUBUYINGCHAOGUOGUIDINGZHI。

④ZHOUFENGZHUANGZHIYINGWUZAOSHENGHELOUQIXIANXIANG。

⑤TONGBUCHUANDONGCHILUNYINGWUYICHANGBUJUNYUNCHONGJIZAOSHENG。

⑥CHILUNRUNHUAFANGSHIYIBANWEI“FEIJIANSHI”,TONGGUOYOUXIANGSHANGTOUMINGJIANSHICHUANGYINGKANDAOWUZHUANGYOUZHUJUJIZAIKONGGAIXIA。

⑦KONGZAIDIANLIUYINGCHENGWENDINGZHUANGTAI,JIXIAYIBIAODUSHU。

(3)FUHEYUNZHUAN。

①KAIQICHUFENGFA,GUANBIPANGTONGFA,ZHANGWOFAMENDEKAIGUANSUDU,SHENGYABU

NENGCHAOGUOEDINGFANWEI,MANZAISHICHE。

②FENGJIQIDONGHOU,YANJINWANQUANGUANBICHUFENGDAO,YIMIANZAOCHENGBAOLIE。

③FUHEYUNZHUANZHONG,YINGJIANCHAPANGTONGFAYOUWUFARE、LOUQIXIANXIANG。

④DAXIAOFENGJIYAOTONGSHIKAISHI,YINGANSHANGSHUCHENGXUXIANKAIXIAOFENGJI,HOUKAIDAFENGJI。YAOKAIDUOTAIFENGJISHIYINGDAIYITAIKAICHUZHENGCHANGHOU,ZAIKAILINGYITAI。

⑤QITAYAOQIUTONGKONGZAIYUNZHUAN。

(4)TINGJICAOZUO。

①TINGJIQIANXIANZUOHAOJILU,JIXIADIANYA、DIANLIU、FENGYA、WENDUDENGSHUJU。

②ZHUBUDAKAIPANGTONGFA,GUANBICHUQIFA,ZHUYIZHANGWOHAOFAMENDEKAIGUANSUDU。

③ANXIATINGCHEANNIU。

(5)XUNSHIGUANLI

①GUFENGJIZAIYUNZHUANSHIZHISHAOMEIGEYIXIAOSHIXUNSHIYICI,BIAODUSHUYICI(DIANLIU、DIANYA、FENGYA、YOUWENDENG)。

②XUNSHIJIANCHANEIRONGRUXIA:

TINGGUFENGJISHENGYINSHIFOUZHENGCHANG,YUNZHUANSHENGBINGBUYINGYOUFEIZHENGCHANGDEMOCASHENGHEZHUANGJISHENG,RUBUZHENGCHANGSHIYINGTINGCHEJIANCHA,PAICHUGUZHANG。

JIANCHAFENGJIGEBUFENDEWENDU,LIANGDUANZHOUCHENGCHUWENDUBUGAOYU80℃,CHILUNRUNHUAYOUWENDUBUCHAOGUO60℃,FENGJIZHOUWEIBIAOMIANYONGSHOUMOSHIBUTANGSHOU,DIANDONGJIYINGWUJIAOWEIHUOQITAQIWEI。

JIANCHAYOUWEI。YOUMIANGAODUYINGZAIYOUBIAOXIANFANWEINEI,CONGYOUCHUANGGAISHANGGUANCHARUNHUAYOUFEIJIANQINGKUANGYINGFUHEJISHUYAOQIU。FAXIANQUEYOUYINGJISHITIANJIA,YOUXIANGSHANGTOUQIKONGBUYINGDUSAI。

JIANCHAFENGJISHIFOUZHENGCHANG,GECHUSHIFOUYOULOUQIXIANXIANG,JIANCHAGEYUNZHUANBUJIAN,ZHENDONGBUNENGTAIDA,DIANQISHEBEIYINGWUFARESONGDONGXIANXIANG。

(6)JINJITINGCHE。FAXIANYIXIAQINGKUANGSHIYINGLIJITINGCHE,YIBIMIANSHEBEISHIGU。

①FENGXIEPENGZHUANGHUOZHUANZIJINGXIANG、ZHOUXIANGCUANDONGYUJIKEXIANGMOCA,FAREMAOYANSHI。

②ZHOUCHENG、CHILUNXIANGYOUWENCHAOGUOGUIDINGZHISHI。

③JITIQIANGLIEZHENDONGSHI。

④ZHOUFENGZHUANGZHIZHANGWEIDUANLIE,DALIANGLOUQISHI。

⑤DIANLIU、FENGYATURANSHENGGAOSHI。

⑥DIANDONGJIJIDIANQISHEBEIFAREMAOYANSHI,DENGDENG。

如何進行羅茨鼓風機的保養?

(1)ZUOHAOLIXINGBAOYANGGONGZUO。GUFENGJIFANGYINGBAOCHIQINGJIE,SHEBEIBIAOMIANWUJITUHEYOUGOU。

(2)DINGQI(MEIYUE)JIANCHAFENGJIGELIANJIELUOSHUANDEJINGUCHENGDU。

(3)XINJIHUODAXIUYIHOUDEFENGJIYUNZHUAN48hHOU,YINGJIANGYOUXIANGNEIDERUNHUAYOUQUANBUHUANQU,ZHONGXINJIARUGUIDINGPAIHAODERUNHUAYOU。

(4)CHILUNXIANGRUNHUAYOUPAIHAOYINGFUHECHANPINSHUOMINGYAOQIU,LIANXUGONGZUOMAN500h,YINGQUANBUHUANXINYOU。

(5)GUNDONGZHOUCHENGMEIZHOUXUJIAZHURUNHUAYOUYICI,ZHOUFENGZHUANGZHIMEI24hJIAZHUJIYOUYICI。

(6)MEIZHOUYINGDAKAIZHOUFENGFANGYOULUOSAIYICI,YIQINGCHUFEIYOU,RUOZHOUFENGCHUXIANWEILIANGLOUQI,WEIJIANSHAOREKONGQIDUIZHOUCHENGDEYINGXIANG,YINGJIANGCILUOSHUANCHANGKAI,DANYINGXIANGYINGZENGJIAZHURUYOUFENGJIYOU。

(7)RUNHUAYOUHUORUNHUAZHIYINGZHUANRENYANSHOU,ZHUANRENBAOGUAN、ZHUANRENZHIDAOSHIYONG,DINGQIJIANCHA,BUKEHUNRENZAZHIHUOJINSHUIRUHUA,SUOJIAJIYOUYIDINGYAOGUOLV,RUNHUAZHIYONGSHOUGUAYIBIAN,YIFANGHUNRENZAZHI,JIAZHURUNHUAYOUQIANYINGXIANJIANCHAYOUQIANG,YOUBEISHIFOUCHANGTONG。

(8)FENGJIJINKENENGBIMIANCHANGSHIJIANBEIYONG,YINGCAIQUDONGTAIBEIYONGFANGSHI,SHIGUFENGJIJIAOTIYUNXING,YIMIANDIANJISHOUCHAOJUEYUANJIANGDI。

(9)TINGYONGHOUDEGUFENGJIYINGMEIGE24hPANDONGZHUANZHOU,FANZHUAN180°GAIBIANFENGXIETINGLIUWEIZHI。

(10)WEIYANCHANGFENGJISHIYONGSHOUMINGJIHELIANPAIJIANXIUQI,YINGSHIDANGANPAIGUFENGJIDEYUNZHUANZHOUQI,ZUODAOJIAOCHAJIANXIESHIYONG。WEICI,LIANXUYUNZHUANDEJIZUZUIDUO10dYINGHUANJIYICI。ZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,GUFENGJIMEIYUNZHUAN500hJIANCHAYICI,MEI2000hJINXINGXIAOXIU,MEI3000hJINXINGZHONGXIU,MEI15000hJINXINGDAXIU。DIEFAHUOZHAFAMEILIANGZHOUBAOYANGYICI。

簡述微孔曝氣器結構和特點?微孔曝氣器也稱為多孔性空氣擴散裝置,采用多孔性材料如陶粒、粗瓷等摻以適當的黏合劑,在高溫下燒結成為擴散板、擴散管及擴散罩的形式,目前應用較多的是用橡膠膜片激光打孔,制成的膜片式微孔曝氣裝置。微孔曝氣器的主要性能特點是產生微小氣泡,氣、液接觸面大,氧利用率高;缺點是氣壓損失較大,易堵塞,送入的空氣應預先通過過濾處理。

MOPIANSHIWEIKONGPUQIQICAIYONGABSGONGCHENGSULIAOWEIDIPAN、TUOBANJIYAGU,BUQIMOPIANYOUTESHUHECHENGXIANGJIAOZHICHENG,BIAOMIANBUMANWEIXIDEXIAOKONG。PUQIQIZAICHONGYANGPUQISHI,BUQIMOPIANSHANGDEWEIKONGZAIQITIDEZUOYONGXIANENGZIXINGGUZHANGQIEWEIKONGZHANGKAI,YIQUEBAOQITICONGWEIKONGTONGGUO。DANGJINGZHIZHUANGTAISHI,BUQIMOPIANSHANGDEWEIKONGCHENGFENGBIZHUANGTAI。YOUDEWEIKONGPUQIQIZAIQIQIDEDIPANSHEYOUQIFAZHUANGZHI,DANGGUANDAOXITONGTINGZHIGONGQISHIZUZHIHUNHEYEJINRENBUQIZHIGUAN,ZHEYANG,KEBIMIANHUNHEYEJINRUZHIGUANERBEIDUSAI。

微孔曝氣器運行過程中可能出現哪些問題?

(1)MOPIANZULIZENGDA。QIKENENGDEYUANYINYOU:GUFENGJIJINQIGUOLVXIAOGUOBUHAOHUOWUGUOLVQI,KONGQIZHONGDEKELIWUFUZHUZAIMOPIANNEICEBINGJILEIZAIMOPIANSHANG,SHIWEIKONGBIANXIAOSHENZHIDUSAIWEIKONG;WEIKONGPUQIQIJINMEIZAIWUNIHUNHEYEZHONG,WEISHENGWUZAIMOPIANSHANGFUZHUSHENGCHANG,SHIWEIKONGBIANXIAOSHENZHIDUSAIWEIKONG。

(2)MOPIANTUOLUO。QIKENENGDEYUANYINSHI:ZAIMOPIANANZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONG,MOPIANYABANWEISHANGJIN,PUQIGUOCHENGZHONGZHENDONGSONGTUO,DAOZHIMOPIANTUOLUO。

(3)MOPIANPOLIE。QIKENENGDEYUANYINSHI:MOPIANLAOHUAYINQIMOPIANPOLIE,MOPIANWEIKONGZULIZENGDA,YINQIFENGYASHENGGAO,MOPIANNEIWAIYACHAZENGDAYINQIPOLIE,YOUQISHIPUQICHIJIANXIUFANGSHUI,PUQICHISHUIWEIJIANGDISHI,GENGYIFASHENGCILEIQINGKUANG。

怎樣對微孔曝氣器進行維護保養?

(1)DINGQIQINGXIMOPIAN。WEIKONGPUQIQIMOPIANDEQINGXIJIYIBANCAIYONGJIASUANRONGYE,JIASUANJUYOUQIANGFUSHIXING,QINGXIXIAOGUOJIAOHAO。ZAIJINRUPUQICHIQIANDEPUQIZHUGUANDAOSHANG,SHEYIGEJIASUANTOUJIAKONG。TONGGUOTEZHIDEJIASUANTOUJIASHEBEIJIANGJIASUANPENRUJIASUANTOUJIAKONG,JIASUANSUIGUANDAONEIDEKONGQIJUNYUNSHUSONGDAOMEIGEPUQITOU,DADAOQINGXIDEMUDE。GENJUSHIJIQINGKUANG,YIBANBANYUEHUOYIGEYUEQINGXIYICI,JIASUANLIANGYUEMEIGEPUQITOU1.OgJIASUAN。ZAICAOZUOSHI,YINGCAIQUYANMIDEFANGFANCUOSHI,DAIHAOMIANJUHEFANGJIASUANSHOUTAO,RUOBUSHENJIANGJIASUANJIANDAOPIFUSHANG,YINGLIJIYONGQINGSHUICHONGXI。

(2)BAOZHENGKONGQIGUOLVXIAOGUO。DINGQIQINGXIGUFENGJIDEKONGQIGUOLVQI,HUOJISHIGENGHUANGUOLVWANG。

(3)BIMIANCHUXIANMOPIANNEIWAIYACHAGUODAQINGKUANG。PUQICHIJIANXIUFANGSHUISHI,YINGGUANBIZHUGUANDAOSHANGDEKONGQIFAMEN,BIMIANYINSHUIWEIDEJIANGDIYINQIMOPIANNEIWAIDEYACHAZENGDA;GUFENGJIXUANXINGSHI,QIEDINGGUFENGYALIBUNENGTAIGAO,YIBANBISHUIWEICHAOGAO0.5~l.0mJIKE。

CANSHUZHIBIAO

生物接觸氧化法中的填料是如何分類的?(1)按形狀分有蜂窩狀、束狀、筒狀、列管狀、波紋狀、板狀、網狀、盾狀、圓環輻射狀以及不規則粒狀等。(2)按性狀分有硬性、軟性、半軟性等。(3)按材質分有塑料、玻璃鋼、纖維等。

影響生物膜法功能的主要因素有哪些?

(1)WENDU。WENDUSHIYINGXIANGWEISHENGWUZHENGCHANGDAIXIEDEZHONGYAOYINSUZHIRENHEYIZHONGWEISHENGWUDOUYOUYIGEZUIJIASHENGCHANGWENDU,ZAIYIDINGDEWENDUFANWEINEI,DADUOSHUWEISHENGWUDEXINCHENDAIXIEHUODONGDOUHUISUIZHUWENDUDESHENGGAOERZENGQIANG,SUIZHUWENDUDEXIAJIANGERJIANRUO。HAOYANGWEISHENGWUDESHIYIWENDUFANWEISHI10~35℃,YIBANSHUIWENDIYU10℃,DUISHENGWUCHULIDEJINGHUAXIAOGUOJIANGCHANSHENGBULIYINGXIANG。ZAIWENDUGAODEXIAJI,SHENGWUCHULIXIAOGUOZUIHAO;ERZAIDONGJISHUIWENDI,SHENGWUMODEHUOXINGSHOUDAOYIZHI,CHULIXIAOGUOSHOUDAOYINGXIANG。

SHUIWENZAIJIEJINXIJUNSHENGCHANGDEZUIGAOSHENGCHANGWENDUSHI,XIJUNDEDAIXIESUDUDADAOZUIDAZHI,CISHI,KESHIJIAOTIJIZHIZUOWEIHUXIJIZHIERXIAOHAO,SHIWUNIJIEGOUSONGSANERJIETI,XIFUNENGLIJIANGDI,BINGSHICHUSHUIYOUYUPIAONIERHUNZHUO、CHUSHUISSSHENGGAO,JIEGUOCHUSHUICOD

5

反而增加;溫度升高還會使飽和溶解氧降低,氧的傳遞速率降低,在供氧跟不上時造成溶解氧不足,污泥缺氧腐化而影響處理效果,超過最高溫度時,最終會導致細菌死亡。因此,對溫度高的工業廢水必要時應予以降溫措施。

(2)pHZHI。WEISHENGWUDESHENGCHANG、FANZHIYUpHZHIYOUZHUMIQIEGUANXI,DUIHAOYANGWEISHENGWULAISHUO,pHZHIZAI6.5~8.5ZHIJIANJIAOWEISHIYI。YINGJINLIANGBIMIANWUSHUIpHZHITURANBIANHUA。

(3)SHUILIFUHE。SHUILIFUHEDEDAXIAOZHIJIEGUANXIDAOWUSHUIZAIFANYINGQIZHONGYUZAITISHANGSHENGWUMODEJIECHUSHIJIAN。WEISHENGWUDUIYOUJIWUDEJIANGJIEXUYAOYIDINGDEJIECHUFANYINGSHIJIANZUOBAOZHENG。SHUILIFUHEYUXIAO,WUSHUIYUSHENGWUMOJIECHUSHIJIANYUCHANG,CHULIXIAOGUOYUHAO。

(4)RONGJIEYANG。ZAISHENGWUMOFACHULIZHONG,RONGJIEYANGYINGBAOCHIYIDINGDESHUIPING,YIBANYI4mg0

2

/L左右為宜。在這種情況下,活性污泥或生物膜的結構正常,沉降、絮凝性能也良好。而溶解氧的低值,一般應維持不低于2mg0

2

/L,而且這個低值亦只是發生在反應器的局部地區,如反應器的進口部分,有機物相對集中及較多的地方。另外,氧供應過多,反而會因代謝活動增強,營養供應不上而使污泥或生物膜自身產生氧化,促使污泥老化。

(5)ZAITIBIAOMIANJIEGOUYUXINGZHI。ZUOWEISHENGWUZAITIDUICHULIXIAOGUODEYINGXIANGZHUYAOFANYINGZAIZAITIDEBIAOMIANXINGZHI,BAOKUOZAITIDEBIBIAOMIANJIDEDAXIAO、BIAOMIANQINSHUIXINGJIBIAOMIANDIANHE、BIAOMIANCUCAODU、ZAITIDEMIDU、DUIJIMIDU、KONGXILV、QIANGDUDENG。

(6)SHENGWUMOLIANGJIHUOXING。DANGKAOLVSHENGWUMOHOUDUSHI,YAOQUFENMODEZONGHOUDUYUHUOXINGHOUDU,SHENGWUMOZHONGDEKUOSANZULI(MONEICHUANZHIZULI)XIANZHILEGUOHOUSHENGWUMOSHIJICANYUJIANGJIEJIZHIDESHENGWUMOLIANG。ZHIYOUZAIMOHUOXINGHOUDUFANWEI(70~100nm)NEI,JIZHIJIANGJIESUDUSUIMOHOUDUDEZENGJIAERZENGJIA。DANGSHENGWUMOWEIBOCENGMOSHI,MONEICHUANZHIZULIXIAO,MODEHUOXINGHAO。DANGSHENGWUMOCHAOCHUHUOXINGHOUDUSHI,JIZHIJIANGJIESUDUYUMOHOUWUGUAN。YOUCITUIZHI,GEZHONGSHENGWUMOFASHIYIDESHENGWUMOHOUDUYINGKONGZHIZAI159nmYIXIA。SUISHENGWUMOHOUDUZENGDA,MONEICHUANZHIZULIZENGJIA,DANWEISHENGWUMOLIANGDEMOHUOXINGXIAJIANG,YIBUNENGTIGAOSHENGWUMODUIJIZHIDEJIANGJIENENGLI,FANERHUIYINSHENGWUMODECHIXUZENGHOU,MONEICENGYOUJIANXINGCENGZHUANRUYANYANGZHUANGTAI,DAOZHIMODEDALIANGZIDONGTUOLUO(CHAOGUO600JIFASHENGTUOLUO),HUOTIANLIAOSHANGCHUXIANJINI,HUOCHUXIANTIANLIAODUSAIXIANXIANG,CONGERYINGXIANGDAOSHENGWUCHIDECHUSHUISHUIZHI。

(7)YOUDUWUZHI。

(8)YANDU。WEISHENGWUTONGCHANGBUSHIYINGDUANSHIJIANYANDUDEDAFUDU、TURANBIANHUA,YOUQISHIDUIYANDUDETURANJIANGDIBIYANDUDETURANSHENGGAOGENGJIAMINGAN。RONGYIYINQIHUOXINGWUNIDEJIETI。

接觸氧化法運行管理中應注意哪些問題?

(1)TIANLIAODEXUANZE。TIANLIAOSHIFUZHUSHENGWUMOSHENGCHANGDEJIEZHI,KEZHIJIEYINGXIANGJIECHUYANGHUACHIZHONGWEISHENGWUSHENGCHANGSHULIANG、KONGJIANFENBUZHUANGKUANG、DAIXIEHUOXINGDENG,HUANDUIJIECHUYANGHUACHIZHONGBUSHUI、BUQICHANSHENGYINGXIANG。CHUKAOLVSHOUMINGCHANG、JIAGESHIZHONGDENGTONGCHANGDEYAOQIUWAI,HUANYINGKAOLVFEISHUIDEXINGZHIHENONGDUDENGYINSU。LIRUCHULIGAONONGDUFEISHUISHI,YOUYUWEISHENGWUCHANLIANGGAO、SHENGCHANGKUAI,WEISHENGWUMOJIAOHOU,YINGSHIYONGYIYUSHENGWUMOTUOLUODETIANLIAO,TONGCHANGSHIYONGDANXINGTIANLIAO。DANGCHULIDINONGDUFEISHUISHI,WEISHENGWUZENGCHANGJIAOMAN,SHENGWUMOJIAOBO,YINGJINKENENGJIAOSHAOSHENGWUMODETUOLUO,ZENGQIANGSHENGWUMODEFUZHULI,KEXUANZEYIYUGUAMOHEBIBIAOMIANJIJIAODADERUANXINGXIANWEITIANLIAOHUOZUHETIANLIAO。ZAISHENGWUTUODANXITONGDEXIAOHUAQUDUAN,YOUYUXIAOHUAXIJUNSHIYILEIYANGEHAOYANGWEISHENGWU,ZHISHENGCHANGZAISHENGWUMODEBIAOCENG,YINCIZUIHAOXUANYANGKONGJIANFENBUJUNYUN,QIEBIBIAOMIANJIJIAODADEXUANFUTIANLIAOHUODANXINGLITITIANLIAO。DUIXUANFUTIANLIAOCHULEANSHANGSHUBIAOZHUNZHUYIQIKONGJIANXINGZHUANGJIEGOUWAI,HUANYINGZHUYIQIXIANGDUIMIDU,YIFUZHUSHENGWUMOHOUXIANGDUIMIDULVEDAYUSHUIWEIJIA,ZHEYANGZAIPUQIHOUKESHITIANLIAOSIHUOXINGWUNIYIYANGZAIJIECHUYANGHUACHINEISHANGXIAFANTENG,YILIYUWUSHUIZHONGYOUJIWUXIANGSHENGWUMOZHONGZHUANYIHEDUIPUQIQIPAODEQIEGE,ZENGQIANGCHUANZHIXIAOGUO,BINGYOULIYUGUOHOUDESHENGWUMOTUOLUO。

(2)FANGZHISHENGWUMOGUOHOU、JIEQIU。ZAIGUDINGXUANFUTIANLIAODECHULIXITONGZHONG,ZAIYANGHUACHIBUTONGQUDUANYINGXUANGUAYIGENXIABUBUGUDINGDETIANLIAO,CAOZUORENYUANDINGQIJIANGTIANLIAOTICHUSHUIMIANGUANCHAQISHENGWUMODEHOUDU,ZAIFAXIANSHENGWUMOBUDUANZENGHOU,SHENGWUMOCHENGHEISEBINGSANFACHUCHOUWEI、CHULICHUSHUISHUIZHIBUDUANXIAJIANGSHI,YINGCAIQUCUOSHI“TUOMO”。CISHIKETONGGUOSHUNSHIDEDALIULIANG、DAQILIANGDECHONGSHUASHIGUOHOUDESHENGWUMOCONGTIANLIAOSHANGTUOLUOXIALAI,CIWAIHUANKEYILAIYONG“MEN”DEFANGFA,JITINGZHIPUQIYIDUANSHIJIAN,SHINEICENGYANYANGSHENGWUMOZAIYANYANGTIAOJIANXIAFAJIAO,CHANSHENGERYANGHUATAN、JIAWANDENGQITI,CHANSHENGDEQITISHISHENGWUMOYUTIANLIAOJIANDEFUZHULIJIANGDI,CISHIZAIYIDAQILIANGCHONGSHUATUOMOXIAOGUOJIAOJIA。MOUXIEGONGYEFEISHUIZHONGHANYOUJIAODUONIANXINGWURANWU(RUYINLIAOFEISHUIZHONGDETANGLEI,JINGLUNFEISHUIZHONGDEDIJUWU,JIZHIYINRANFEISHUIZHONGDEJUYIXICHUNDENG)DAOZHITIANLIAOYANZHONGJIEQIU,CISHIDESHENGWUMOJIHUSHI“SIGEDA”DADAJIANGDILESHENGWUJIECHUYANGHUAFADECHULIXIAOLV,YINCIZAISHEJIZHONGYINGXUANZEKONGXILVJIAOGAODEPIAOFUTIANLIAOHUODANXINGLITITIANLIAODENG,DUIYIJINGJIEQIUDETIANLIAOYINGJIAOSHISHIYONGQIHUOSHUIJINXINGGAOQIANGDUCHONGXI,BIYAOSHIYINGGENGHUANTIANLIAO。

(3)JISHIPAICHUGUODUODEJINI。ZAIJIECHUYANGHUACHIZHONGDEJINIZHUYAOLAIYUANYUTUOLUODELAOHUASHENGWUMOHEYUCHULIJIEDUANWEIFENLICHEDIDEXUANFUGUTI。JIAOXIAOXUTIJIJIEXUDEYOULIXIJUNKESUICHUSHUIWAILIU,ERXIFULEDALIANGZAZHIDEXIANGDUIMIDUJIAODADEXUTI,NANYISUICHUSHUILIUCHUERCHENJIZAICHIDI,ZHELEIDAKUAIDEXUTIRUOWEINENGCONGCHIZHONGJISHIPAICHU,HUIZHUJIANZISHENYANGHUA,TONGSHISHIFANGCHUDEDAIXIECHANWU,HUITIGAOCHULIXITONGDEFUHE,SHICHUSHUICODSHENGGAO,YINCIYINGXIANGCHULIDEXIAOGUO。LINGWAI,CHIDIJINIGUODUOHUANHUIYINQIPUQIQIWEIKONGDUSAI。WEIBIMIANZHEZHONGQINGKUANGDEFASHENG,YINGDINGQIJIANCHAYANGHUACHIDIBUSHIFOUJINI,CHIZHONGXUANFUGUTIDENONGDU(JITUOLUODESHENGWUMONONGDU)SHIFOUGUOGAO,FAXIANCHIDIJIYOUHEISEDEWUNIHUOXUANFUWUNONGDUGUOGAOSHI,YINGJISHISHEBENGPAINIHUOTONGGUOJIADAPUQISHICHIDIJINISONGDONGHOUZAIPAI。