轉型新思路!詳解受控式集裝箱循環水綠色生態養殖技術

                     

在構成廣東諸多水產養殖技術模式中,主導模式是池塘養殖。近年來,由于塘租、人工和飼料、水電等成本不斷提高,大多養殖場采取高密度養殖來提高產量,以保有利可圖。在池塘養殖單產不斷提高的同時,其生產中存在的殘餌、糞便、不合理用藥等導致的環境污染、水資源浪費、產品質量安全等問題也日益突出,高密度、高投入的池塘養殖使生態環境不斷惡化,水產養殖業在我國己成為污染源頭和受污染物影響的重要功能區之一。若要有效地控制水產養殖水污染,必須改變傳統粗放型生產方式,推行新型的健康養殖技術與模式才是解決池塘養殖問題的根本途徑,其中集裝箱養殖技術就是為破解該難題而生的。

JIZHUANGXIANGYANGZHIJISHUJIANGYANGZHICHITANGYUJIZHUANGXIANGOUHE,CONGYANGZHICHITANGZHONGCHOUQUSHANGCENGGAOYANGSHUI,JINRUBIAOZHUNJIZHUANGXIANGJINXINGJIYUEHUAYANGZHI。ZHENDUIXIANGYANGPINZHONGTEDIAN,ZONGHEJICHENGGAOXIAOJIWU、WEISHUISHENGTAICHULI、ZHILIANGHEPINZHIKONGZHI、LVSEBINGHAIFANGKONG、ZHUANYONGHUANBAOXINGSILIAO、XUNHUANTUISHUI、SHENGWUJINGSHUI、WULIANWANGJINGZHUNKONGZHI、BIANJIEHUABULAODENGGUANJIANJISHU,JINGZHUNKONGZHIYANGZHIHUANJINGHEYANGZHIGUOCHENG,SHIXIANSHOUKONGSHIYANGZHI。JIZHUANGXIANGYANGZHIWEISHUIJINGZILIUSHIWEILVJIGUYEFENLIHOUFANHUICHITANG,JINGGUOCHITANGSANJISHENGTAIJINGHUAHECHOUYANGSHAJUNXIAODUHOUZAIHUIDAOJIZHUANGXIANGNEIXUNHUANLIYONG,SHIXIANYANGZHIWEISHUISHENGTAIZHILIHEXUNHUANLIYONG。

整套養殖系統:由快速排污養殖箱體(由集裝箱改造而成)、殺菌系統(臭氧發生器) 、水處理系統(微濾機、池塘)、排水系統(液位控制管及后續管道),進水系統(水泵浮臺及水泵) ,增氧系統(鼓風機),控制系統(水質監測及設備監控箱)及配套池塘等輔助設施組成。

YI、YAODIAN

1.PAIWUXITONG

FANGXINGXIANGBIANYUZHIZAO,DANBULIYUXIANGTIPAIWU, FANGXINGXIANGTIJIWUXIAOGUOBULIANG,TONGSHIBIANJIAOCHUNANYIBIMIANWENLIUCHUXIAN。WEIBIMIANFANGXINGXIANGYISHANGBIDUAN,JIEHELIXUEMONIBAOGAOJIEGUO,GAIBIANYANGZHIXIANG TIJIEGOU,SHIQIDIMIANCHENG1/10PODU,TONGSHIZAIXIANGTISANZHOUZENGJIAPUQIGUAN,BIMIANFENBIANCHENJI。

2.SHUICHULIXITONG

JIWUCAOZHONGDESHUITIXIEDAIFENBIANKELILIUZHIWEI LVJIZHONG,DALIJINGKELIBEISHOUJIDAOWEILVJIPAIWUGUAN,GONGSHUCAIZHONGZHILIYONG。XIAOKELISUISHUILIUYANZHONGJIANGUANYILIUCHUZHICHITANGZHONG。CHITANGNEIYANGZHILIANYU,YONGYUDENGYIFUYOUSHENGWUWEISHIDEYUZHONG。CHITANGJUYOUSHENGTAICHULIGONGNENG, MEIMUSHUIYUPEI2ZUTUISHUIXIANG。WEILVJISHUICHULILIANG60MI3/XIAOSHI,120MUWANGMU, JIQUCHUZHIJINGDAYU0.125HAOMIGUTIKELI。

3.CHUYUXITONG

CHUYUKOUSIZHOUDAMOCHULI,SHUNHUAWUJIANJIAO,YANGZHIPINZHONGKESHUNCHANGHUACHUXIANGTI,ZHIJIEYUCHIZHONG。XIANGTINEIBUYOUDANGYUBAN,KESHISHIKAIGUAN,KONGZHICHUYUQITING。CHUYUHUATIKEJIANGSHANGPINYUJIEZHIJIEYUCHIZHONG,JIESHENGRENLI。YISHANGZUHESHIXIANJIZHUANGXIANGSHENGSHISHENGLI,KUAISUCHUYUDESHIYONGYAOQIU。SHOUHUOSHI,CHENGYUHUISHUNSHUILIUJIZHONGDAOXIANGDIYICE,JIANSHAOCHENGYUTUOLISHUITISHIJIAN,JIANGDICHENGYUYINGJIFANYING,FANGZHIYUTIPIFUSUNSHANG, JIBENSHIXIANWUSHANGHAISHOUYU(XIANGBICHITANGHEGONGCHANGHUAYANGZHICIYOUSHIMINGXIAN); ZAIYUNSHUGUOCHENGZHONG,WUSHANGCHENGYUDENAISHOUHUANJINGNENGLIQIANG,BUYIFASHENGSHUIMEIBING。

4.JINSHUIXITONG

XIANGTISHUIBENGLIYONGFUTONGCHOUQUCHITANGZHONGSHANGCENGDESHUI JINRUYANGZHIXIANGTINEI,ZHONGSHANGCENGDESHUIHANYANGLIANGGAO,ZHIBINGJUNSHAO,WUTUXINGWEI。CHITANGYANGZHIDEZHIBINGJUNDOUSHIJIANXINGYANYANGDE,JUNFENBUZAICHITANGDEDIBU,XITONGDEJINSHUIXITONGKEBAOZHENGYANGZHIXIANGNEIFABINGLVDI、HANYANGLIANGGAO、WUTUXINGWEI。

5.ZENGYANGXITONG

XITONGXUQIUJINQILIANG25MI3/XIAOSHI,QIYA0.03Mp, ANBINGLIANXIANGTISHULIANGXUANPEIFENGJIGUIGE。JINQIGUANYOUPAIKONGFA,PVC/PPR GUANLIANJIE,ZENGYANGXITONGSHIKEKAIQI,XIANGNEIZHUANPEIRONGYANGTANTOU,BAOZHENGXIANGTINEIRONGYANGCHAOGUO5HAOKE/SHENG,TONGSHIZENGYANGXITONGBIANPINKONGZHI,YISHIYINGBUTONGYANG ZHIJIEDUANYANGZHIPINZHONGDUILIUSUDEBUTONGXUQIU。

6.SHAJUNXITONG

XITONGPEIBEICHOUYANGFASHENGQI,ZUIDACHANSHENGLIANG5KE/XIAOSHI。XITONGZHONGCHOUYANGDEYINGYONGZHUYAOYOULIANGFANGMIAN: (1)CHUCIJIASHUIXIAODU,CHUCIJIASHUI,JIANGCHOUYANGFASHENGQIDIAOJIEZHIZUIDACHOUYANGCHANSHENGLIANG5KE/XIAOSHI,XITONGXUNHUANLIANG15MI3/XIAOSHI,ZHUBUDIAOJIEZHI10MI3/XIAOSHI。JIKESHIXIANGTINEICHOUYANGNONGDUWEICHIZAI0.33~0.4HAOKE/SHENG。CINONGDUCHOU YANGSHAJUNNENGLIQIANG。(2)YANGZHIQIJIAN,XITONGXUNHUANLIANGWENDINGWEI15MI3/XIAOSHI,CHOUYANGTIANJIALIANG 2~3KE/XIAOSHI,DIAOJIESHUITICHOUYANGNONGDUWEI0.1~0.15HAOKE/SHENGDEANQUANXIAODU NONGDU,TONGSHICHOUYANGJUYOUQUCHUANDAN、TIE、MENG、YANGHUAFENJIEYOUJIWUHEXUNINGZUOYONG,JIANGDIYANGZHISHUITIZHONGZHONGJINSHUDUXINGJIANDANDUXING。

ER、TEDIAN

1.YANGZHICHANPINZHILIANGANQUAN

SHUIZHIKEKONG,WENDUHENGDING,NISHUIYUNDONG,ROUZHIJINSHI,WUTUXINGWEI,WUCHUANGSHANGCHUYU,NAISHOULIQIANG,KEBIMIANYUNSHUHUANJIESHIYONGWEIJINYAOWU,BAOZHANGCONGXIANGNEIDAOCANZHUODEQUANCHENGSHIPINZHILIANGANQUAN。

2.YANGZHIZONGHECHENGBENDI

(1)BULAOCHENGBEN。SHESHIHUANONGYE,SHOUHUOJIANDAN,JIANGDILAODONGQIANGDU,YOUYULUJITUISHUIYANGZHIZHANDIXIAO,QUYUJIZHONGBINGZAIXIANGCESHEZHIDAKOUJINGDEYUHUOWUSHOUJIKOU,SHOUHUOCAOZUOJIANDAN。DUIBICHUANTONGCHITANGYANGZHIDERENGONGBULAO,YONGGONGSHAOQIEDUIYANGZHICHANPINDESUNSHANGYEDADAJIANGDI,YOULIYUHUOTIYUNSHUHEBAOZHENGZHILIANG,HUANDADAJIESHENGLERENGONGBULAOFEIYONG。(2)SILIAOCHENGBEN。TISHENGSILIAOLIYONGLV。ZAIYANGZHILIXIANGLIGAOMIDUYANGZHI,KEJIZHONGTOUWEI,JINGZHUNKONGZHI,YUCHUANTONGCHITANGYANGZHIXIANGBI,KEJIANSHAOQUANTANGSALIAOCHANSHENGDELANGFEI,JIESHENGLESILIAOCHENGBEN。(3)GUANLICHENGBEN。YIGEGONGRENKEYIKANGUANDUOGEYANGZHIXIANG。(3)GANTANGPAITANGCHENGBEN。CHUANTONGDECHITANGYANGZHIFANGSHIYOUYUYUTANGLIGEZHONGFEILIAOCHANZHA、YULEIFENBIAN、NISHAZAZHIDENGRIJIYUELEI,RONGYIZISHENGHEFANZHIGEZHONGBINGYUANWEISHENGWU,BIXUDINGQIPAITANG、GANTANGHEQINGYU,ERJIZHUANGXIANGYANGZHIKETONGGUOGANSHIFENLIQIJIZHONGSHOUJICHULIFENBIAN,CHUBUGUYEFENLIZHIHOUDESHUITIHUIHUIDAOCHITANGZHONG,JIESHENGLEPAITANG、GANTANGDECHENGBEN。(4)HUANJINGCHENGBEN。LUJITUISHUISHICHITANGNEIXUNHUAN,CHITANGZUOWEISHENGCHANCHI,YUJINGGUANXINGNONGYEXIANGJIEHE,CHITANGWEISHUILINGPAIFANG。(5)SHIJIANCHENGBEN。YINWEICHUANTONGYANGZHIHUANJINGBUKEKONG,RUGAOWEN、DIWEN、GANTANGDENGZAOCHENGBUNENGYANGZHISHIJIANDUO,ZENGJIALEYANGZHISHIJIANCHENGBEN。

3.YANGZHIFENGXIANDI

(1)BINGHAIKEKONG。YOUYUJIZHUANGXIANGSHITUISHUIYANGZHIHUANSHUILIANGDA、SHUIZHIHAO,YINCI,YANGZHIBINGHAIFASHENGDEJILVXIANGDUIDADAJIANSHAO。BINGHAIQINGKUANGRONGYIGUANCHA,TIQIANZUOHAOBINGHAIFANGKONG。LINGWAI,YANGZHIQUYUJIZHONG,SHIYONGXUKEYAOWUJINXINGBINGHAIFANGZHIDEYONGYAOLIANGYEDADAJIANSHAO,ERTUTANGYOUYUMIANJIKUANDA,BINGHAIFASHENGNANYIKONGZHI,QIEYONGYAODENONGDUYIJIJILIANGDOUYAODADAZENGJIACAINENGDADAOXIAOGUO。(2)FANGZAIJIANZAINENGLIQIANG。LUJITUISHUIYANGZHIWANGXIANGKEYIYOUXIAODIDIYUTAIFENG、HONGSHUI、GAOWENHEHANCHAO。JIDUANHUANJINGXIA,KEGUANBIXUNHUAN,YIBAOZHANGYULEIDESHENGCUN。YANGZHIXIANGZHONGYOU5GENNAMIPUQIGUAN,TONGGUOLUOCIGUFENGJIGONGQI,ZENGYANGJITUIDONGSHUILIU,PUQIGUANPUQI,ZHENGGEXIANGNEIRONGYANGLIANGJUNYUN,BUHUICHUXIANQUEYANGDENGWENTI。

4.JIEDIJIESHUI

(1)JIEYUETUDI。JIZHUANGXIANGYANGZHIZHANDIMIANJIXIAO,ANZHUANGLINGHUO,YIDONGXINGQIANG,KEZUIDACHENGDUDILIYONGFEIGENGDI,JIANSHAODUITUDIDESHENWAPOHUAI,YOUXIAOTIDAIDUIZHANYOUTUDIDEYINGXIANG。(2)JIEYUESHUIZIYUAN。LUJITUISHUISHISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,SHUITISHIZHONGZAIXIANGTIHECHITANGZHIJIANXUNHUANLIYONG,BUCUNZAICHUANTONGCHITANGYANGZHIDEQINGTANG、QINGYU、FEISHUIWAIPAIDENGWENTI,JIEYUELEDALIANGSHUIZIYUAN。

5.ZHINENGBIAOZHUN

(1)ZIDONGHUA。LIYONGWULIANWANGJISHUSHIXIANQUANCHENGYUJING、SHISHIJIANKONG,ZHUBUJIANLIQIJIZHUANGXIANGYANGYUJICHUSHUJUKU,TIGAOLEZHINENGHUA、KEXUEHUAGUANLISHUIPING。(2)BIAOZHUNHUA。CONGYUMIAOTOUFANG、SILIAOXUANZEDAOPEITAOYANGZHIJISHUDOUZHIDINGLEKEXUEBIAOZHUNHEJISHUCAOZUOGUICHENG,SHIMIAOZHONGBIAOCU、FENXIANGZANYANG、CHENGYUYANGZHIDENGHUANJIEJISHUYAOLINGYIZHI、KEKONG,MOSHIWENDINGXINGHAO、KEFUZHIXINGQIANG。(3)JIANJIEHUA。CAOZUOJIANDAN,KEKONGXINGQIANG,BIANYUGUANLI,YUNYONGZHEJING7—10TIANPEIXUNJINENGXUEXIZHANGWOJISHUYAOLING,NENGGOUBAOZHENGYANGZHIJISHUBUZOUYANG,SHIHEJICENGYANGZHIRENYUANKUAISUXUEXIYINGYONG。

6.LVSESHENGTAI

JIZHUANGXIANGYANGZHIMOSHIGAIBIANLECHUANTONGYANGZHIFANGSHI,XINGCHENGLEZIYUANJIYUEHUAFAZHANMOSHI,TUIDONGLESHUICHANYANGZHILVSEFAZHAN。ZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGYUSHENGTAINONGYE、YUCAIGONGSHENGDENGXIANGJIEHE,TONGGUOJIZHONGSHOUJIYANGYUCANER、FENBIAN,DANGZUOZHONGZHISHUCAIDEYOUJIFEI,BIANFEIWEIBAO,SHIXIANQINGJIESHENGCHANLINGWURAN,YOUXIAOGAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJING。

7.CUJINCHANYEZHUANXING

CUJINYOUCHUANTONGYUYEXIANGSHENGTAI、SHENGCHAN、SHENGHUODEJINGGUANYUYEDENGRONGWEIYITISHIFAZHAN,CUJINCHUANTONGYUMINZHUANXINGWEILINGRENXIANMUDEXIANDAICHANYEGONGREN。

SAN、CHUANGXINDIAN

1.YUANSHICHUANGXINSHOUKONGSHIJIZHUANGXIANGXUNHUANSHUILVSESHENGTAIYANGZHIJISHU

GENJUSHUITIXUNHUANHEDIAOKONGYUANLIBUTONG,CHUANGXINYANFACHUSHIYONGYUCHUANTONGYANGZHIQUYUCHITANGLIANDONGDELUJITUISHUIJIZHUANGXIANGSHI(SHOUKONGSHIJIZHUANGXIANGXUNHUANSHUILVSESHENGTAIYANGZHIJISHU)SHUICHANYANGZHI,SHIXIAN“FENQUYANGZHI,YIWEICHULI”。

2.FAMINGLESHUICHANYANGZHIGAOXIAOJIWUJIWEISHUISHENGTAIHUACHULIOUHEXITONG

QUCHULEYANGZHISHUITIZHONG90%YISHANGDEGUTIWURANWU,JINGGUOSANJISHENGTAITANGCHULI,ZONGDANXIAJIANG70%~80%,CODXIAJIANG50%~60%,SHIXIANLEWEISHUILINGPAIFANG,YOUXIAOBAOZHENGYANGZHISHUITIXUNHUANLIYONG。

3.YANFALEJIZHUANGXIANGZHUANYONGHUANBAOXINGSHUICHANSILIAO

ZHENDUIJIZHUANGXIANGNEISHUITIRONGYANGLIANGGAO、YULEIYUNDONGLIANGZENGJIA、FENBIANXUYAOJINLIANGCHENGXINGDENGTEZHENGXUQIU,YANFASHENGCHANCHULEGAONENGDIDANYUNDONGXING、YULEIFENBIANPAIFANGCHENGXINGDETEZHENGYULEIZHUANYONGSILIAOHETIANJIAJI。

4.GOUJIANLEJIZHUANGXIANGSHIYANGZHILVSEBINGHAIFANGKONGTIXI

ZHENDUIGAOMIDUYANGZHITIAOJIAN,YANJIULEZHUYANGPINZHONGDEKANGBINGJILI。GOUJIANLESIDAOYANGZHIBINGHAIFANGKONGPINGZHANG,FENBIESHICHOUQUSHENGTAICHITANGSHANGCENGFUYANGSHUIJINXIANG;JINSHUICHOUYANGSHAJUN;JINGZHUNDIAOWENYUFANGBINGHAI;FENXIANGGELIFANGZHIBINGYUANKUOSAN。

5.CHUANGXINLESHUICHANPINPINZHITISHENGJIZHILIANGBAOZHANGJISHU

WUCHUANGBIANJIECHUYUJIANQUANYUNSHUJISHU,JIZHUANGXIANGSHISHUICHANYANGZHICHUYUSUNSHANGXIAO,PEIHEERYANGHUATANMAZUICAOZUOJIHUKEDALINGSUNSHANG,DADATIGAOLEYUNSHUCUNHUOLV,BIMIANLEYAOWUDESHIYONG,BAOZHANGLESHUICHANPINZHILIANGANQUAN;TUXINGWEIQUCHUJISHU;JIZHUANGXIANGYANGZHISHUICHANPINROUZHI、KOUGANTISHENG;YONGHULIANWANGFANGSHIZHUISU。

SI、YUNYONG

1.FANWEI

ZAIGUANGDONGGUANGZHOU、GUANGDONGXUWEN、GUANGDONGFOSHAN、GUANGDONGSHAOGUAN、HEBEITANGSHAN、JIANGSUNANJING、JIANGSUYANCHENG、JIANGSUYANGZHONG、NINGXIAYINCHUANDENGDIDESHENGCHANSHIFANJUNQUDELEXIANZHUDEJINGJIYUSHENGTAIXIAOYI。

2.CANSHU

1.JISHUCANSHU:ZHANDI15PINGFANGMI,YOUXIAOYANGZHISHUITI25LIFANGMI, GONGDIAN0.7~1QIANWA, SHUIXUNHUANLIANG:15MI3/XIAOSHI,DANCIXUNHUAN<2XIAOSHI,QILIANG 25MI3/XIAOSHI,QIYA0.03Mpa。 2.YUNYINGCANSHU:16~24DURIJUNYONGDIANLIANG,SILIAOTOUWEIBI1.2, MEIXIANG2.5~5DUNNIANCHANLIANG,JINGJIXIAOYIYUEWEI4WAN~8WANYUAN/XIANG/NIAN(SHIYANGZHIPINZHONGJIDANGNIANSHICHANGERDING) 。

3.SHILI

YIGUANGDONGSHENGLUOFEIYULIANGZHONGCHANG2016NIANYANGZHIBAOSHILUWEILI,DANXIANGDANCHAYANGZHICHENGBENYUE3.2WANYUAN(YUMIAO3000YUAN、SILIAO1.9WAN YUAN、RENGONGFEI3500YUAN、SHUIDIAN3700YUAN、SHEBEIZHEJIU2200YUAN、QITA600 YUAN),CHANLIANG1.8DUN,ANCHENGYUSHOUGOUJIA20YUAN/JINJI,CHANZHI7.2WANYUAN,LI RUN4WANYUAN;GAIMOSHIZAIGUANGDONGYINIANDANXIANGKEYANGZHI2CHA,2XIANG(XIANGDANGYU1 MUCHITANG)YANGZHICHENGBEN12.8WANYUAN,NIANCHANLIANG7.2DUN、CHANZHI28.8WANYUAN、 LIRUN16WANYUAN。ERDANGDICHITANGYINIANZUIDUOKEYANGZHI2CHABAOSHILU,MUYANG ZHICHENGBEN5.4WANYUAN,NIANCHANLIANG2DUN(AN13.5YUAN/JINJI)、CHANZHI8WANYUAN、 LIRUN2.6WANYUAN。

WU、SHIYIQUYU

QUANGUOGEDIDOUSHIYI,TUIGUANGMOSHIBAOKUO:JINGZHUNFUPIN、DOUSHIYUYE、KUQUYIMINDENG。GAIMOSHIKETIDAIMUQIANZIRANSHUIYUCHUANTONGYANGZHIMOSHI,ZAIBUYINGXIANGYUMINSHENGJIQIANTIXIA,ZAIBAOCHISHUICHANPINSHENGCHANGONGYINGDETONGSHI,KEZHUJIANTIDAIWANGXIANGWANGWEIYANGZHIMOSHI,WEISHISHITUIYUHUANHU、TUIYUHUANJIANG、TUIYUHUANHAI、SUZAOMEILIHAIWANDENGTIGONGJIEJUEFANGAN。

LIU、ZHUYISHIXIANG

1.FENGJI:DANXIANGYAOQIU25MI3/XIAOSHI,QIYA0.03Mp,BINGZHUYIBAOYANG。?

2.SHUIBENG:CAIYONGDIYANGCHENGGAOLIULIANGDE QY XINGQIANSHUIBENG,ANBINGLIANXIANG TISHULIANGXUANPEIJINSHUIQIANSHUIBENGGUIGE。

3.HUANSHUILIANG,JINQILIANG:SHIYANGZHIPINZHONG,GUIGE,MIDUSHIDANGDIAOJIE SHUILIANG,QILIANG。

4.JIDUANHUANJINGXIA,KEGUANBIXUNHUAN,YIBAOZHANGYULEISHENGCUN。

5.PINGSHIYANGZHIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DENGGAOSHUIWEIYIJINGZAIBUDUANJIAOHUANSHUILIANG, BUDUANPAIWU。WEILIAOHOUDE60FENZHONGHOUCHANSHENGDEFENBIANHUIJIAODUOSHI,KEDAKAI DENGGAOSHUIWEIDEDIPAIFA,PAIZOUERFENZHIYIHUOZHESANFENZHIERDESHUI。