南美白對蝦生態混養技術

           

1、人工養殖環境

  BANJINGYANGCHIKEZAIXIANYOUHAISHUIYANGXIACHIJICHUSHANGGAIZAO,MIANJIYIBANWEI40~50MU,CHISHEN1.5MI,CHIDIPINGTANQIEXIANGPAISHUIKOUQINGXIE,JINSHUIKOUYUPAISHUIKOUYAOYANGEFENKAI,JIANGEJULIYUEDAYUEHAO;JINGYANGCHIYIBANWEI10MUZUOYOU,CHISHEN2.5~3MI,ZUIHAOWEIYUANXINGHUOZHENGFANGXINGQUJIAOCHENGYUANHUXING,CHIDIXIANGZHONGYANGQINGXIECHENGGUODIXING,PAISHUIKOUWEIYUCHIZHONGXIN;GONGCHANGHUAYANGZHICHIMIANJIWEI400~600PINGFANGMI,CHISHEN1.5MIYISHANG。

  CHITANGZAIFANGYANGQIANBIXUZUODAOQINGWU、XIAODU、BAOSHAI。QINGCHUCHIDIWUNIHOU,MEIMUYONGSHENGSHIHUI70~80GONGJINHUAJIANGJUNYUNPOSA,YISHAMIECHIZHONGYOUHAISHENGWUHEBINGYUANSHENGWU。JING3~4TIANSHAICHIHOUCHONGXICHITANG,JIANGSHIHUISHUICHONGDIAO。ZAIJINSHUI5~10LIMI,SHICHISHUISUANJIANZHIWEI8~8.6,RANHOUANMEIMU200~250KEQUANCHIPOSACHANGXIAOSHUITIXIAODUJI、XIULVHAIYINDENG,CHEDISHAMIEBINGYUANSHENGWUHEYOUHAISHENGWU。

  2YUEFEN,JIANGCHISHUICHOUGAN,QINGCHUCHIDIZAWU,ZHENGXIUTANGGENG、TANGDI。3YUESHANGXUNCHITANGYONGPIAOBAIFEN500GONGJINJINXINGQUANCHIPOSAXIAODU。XIAODU5TIANHOU,CHITANGJINSHUI,BINGJIANGCHISHUISHUIWEIGUANDAO1.6MIZUOYOU。ZAISHUICAOSHILIUSHUIYANGZHIYUQUNEI,PEIBEI2.2QIANWALUOCIGUFENGJIYUNAMIGUANXIANGJIEHEDELIUSHUISHICHONGYANGZENGYANGSHEBEI3TAO;ZAIXIACHINEI,SHEZHI1.5QIANWASHUICHESHIZENGYANGJI4TAI,SHEZHI1.5QIANWAXIELUNSHIZENGYANGJI3TAI,SHEZHI1.5QIANWAYONGLANGJI2TAI,SHEZHI3QIANWAXIWUXITONG1TAO,PEIBEI30QIANFUFADIANJI1TAI。TONGGUOXIANGGUANYUYEJIXIEZONGHEPEITAOSHESHI,KEYIDADAOYANGZHICHITANGYUSHUICAODESHUITISHANGXIAYUSHUIPINGJIAOHUANLIUDONG、XUNHUANLIYONGYIJIBUFENYULEIPAIXIEWUDEQINGCHU。

2、科學放養苗種

  FANGYANGMIAOZHONGSHI,ZAICHITANGNEISHEZHI3GESHUICAO,DANGESHUICAOCHANG23MI、KUAN5MI、SHEN2.15MI,FENBIEBIAOZHUHAOMA。3YUEXIAXUN,ZAI1HAOSHUICAONEIFENBIEFANGYANG4LIMILUYUZHONG2WANWEI,ZAI2HAOSHUICAONEIFANGYANGMEIWEI2000KEZUOYOUDEQINGYU4000WEI,ZAI3HAOSHUICAONEIFANGYANGMEIWEI550KEZUOYOUDECAOYU5000WEI。TONGSHIZAICHITANGNEITAOYANGMEIWEI400KEZUOYOULIANYUZHONG3000WEIHE250KEZUOYOUYONGYUZHONG2000WEI。

  5YUESHANGXUNFANGYANGXIAMIAO,SHOUXIANYAOZUOHAO“DUISHUI”GONGZUO,SHIMIAODAILIDESHUIWENHECHISHUIWENDUJIBENBAOCHIYIZHI,CAINENGZAISHANGFENGTOUDECHIBIANHEZUOYOULIANGPANGJINXINGKAIDAIFANGYANG。YAOXUANZEJIANZHUANGHUOPO、GUIGEJUNYUN、TIBIAOGANJING、CHANGDAOBAOMAN、FANYINGLINGMIN、QUTITOUMINGDUDA,WUBINGZAO、HUOLIQIANGDENANMEIBAIDUIXIAXIAMIAO。YIBANGUIGEWEI1~1.2LIMI,ZUIHAOSHITICHANG1.5LIMIYISHANG。NANMEIBAIDUIXIAMIAOZUISHIYISHENGCHANGSHUIWENWEI22℃~35℃,CISHUIWENFANWEINEIFANGYANGXIAMIAOSHENGCHANGSUDUKUAI,SHESHILIANGDA,TIZHIJIANZHUANG、KANGBINGLIQIANG。

  YIBANXIATANGWEIMEIMU1.5~2WANWEI,BANJINGYANGXIATANG2~3WANWEI,JINGYANGXIATANG3~4WANWEI,GONGCHANGHUAYANGZHIMEIPINGFANGMI200WEI,MEIMUFANGYANG10WANWEIYISHANG,JUTIFANGYANGMIDUKEGENJUCHITANGTIAOJIAN、YANGZHIJISHUJIGUANLISHUIPINGERDING。

3、加強日常管理

  YINGZAICHITANGNEIQUANCHENGTOUWEINANMEIBAIDUIXIAZHUANYONGSILIAO,ZAISILIAOZHONGTIANJIADUOTANGLEI、WEISHENGSUC、WEISHENGSUEJITIANJIAWEISHENGWUZHIJI,TIGAODUIXIAMIANYILI。XIASILIAOJUNYUNTOUWEIZAICHITANGSIZHOU,MEITIAN2~3CI,BINGZAI1.5XIAOSHIYINEICHIWAN;ZAISHUICAONEIFENBIETOUWEIXIANGDUIYINGDEYUSILIAO,YUSILIAOCAIYONGTOUSIJITOUWEIHUORENGONGTOUWEIDEFANGSHI,MEITIANTOUWEI2CI,RITOUSILIANGYIBANWEIYUTIZHONGDE2%~4%,JUTIGENJUYUDECHISHIQINGKUANG、TIANQIBIANHUA、SHUIZHIQINGKUANGDENGERDING;ZAISHUICAONEITOUWEIYUSILIAO1XIAOSHIHOUYINGJINXINGXIWU,SHANGWUHEXIAWUGEYICI,YIBANMEICIXIWUYUE30FENZHONG,JUTISHIXICHULAIWUSHUIZHUANGKUANGERDING。

  FANGYANGSHI,CHITANGSHUIWEIWEI1.5MIZUOYOU,BINGZHUBUJIAZHUXINSHUI,DAOGAOWENJIJIEZEJIANGCHISHUIGUANZHI1.8MIZUOYOU。TONGSHIGENJUCHITANGSHUIZHIZHUANGKUANG,SHISHISHILIANGJIAZHUXINSHUI,BINGJINGCHANGSHIYONGEMJUN,SHISHISHIYONGANJISUANFEISHUIJI、DIZHIGAILIANGJIDENG。MEIGE30TIANZUOYOUYONGYICIERYANGHUALV、XIULVHAIYIN、SHENGSHIHUIDENGJIAOTIJINXINGSHUITIXIAODU。YANGZHIQIANQICHISHUITOUMINGDUKONGZHIZAI30~40LIMI,ZHONGHOUQIKONGZHIZAI20~30LIMI。DANGSHUICAONEIFANGYANGYUZHONGHOU,LIUSHUISHICHONGYANGZENGYANGSHEBEI24XIAOSHIBUJIANDUANKAIDONG,QIANQIKAIDONG2TAO,ZHONGHOUQIZEKAIDONG3TAO。DANGXIAMIAOFANGYANGHOU,ZEZHUBUZENGKAIYONGLANGJI、SHUICHESHIZENGYANGJI、XIELUNSHIZENGYANGJIDENGYUYEJIXIE,BINGJIAOTISHIYONG,QUEBAOCHITANGSHUITILIUDONGYURONGJIEYANGCHONGZU。

  ZUODAOZAO、ZHONG、YESANCIXUNTANG,JISHIJIANCHACHISHIQINGKUANG、SHUIZHIBIANHUAQINGKUANG、QUEYANGFUTOUQINGKUANGDENG,FAXIANWENTIJISHICAIQUCUOSHI。YOUFUTOUYUZHAOHUOTIANQIMENREDEQINGKUANG,ZEJIANSHAOTOUSILIANG,JISHIJIAOTIKAIQIZENGYANGSHEBEI,YANFANGQUEYANGFUTOU。BULAOYIDILONGYOUBUFANGSHIWEIZHU,SHIXINGBUDALIUXIAO。LUNBUYU7YUEZHONGXUNKAISHI,10YUEXIAXUNJIBENJIESHU,11YUEFENKAISHIJINXINGSHUICAOZHONGYULEIXIAOSHOU。KEJIANGYULEIFENPINZHONGFENYANG,YEKEFANGDAOQITACHITANGZHONGJINXINGZANYANGYUXIAOSHOU。

4、疾病防治措施

  BINGHAIFANGZHIYINGJIANCHI“YIFANGWEIZHU”DEFANGZHEN,BAOCHILIANGHAODESHUIZHI,FANGZHIYANGZHIHUANJINGTUBIAN。ZAIFANGMIAOHOU30~60TIANSHINANMEIBAIDUIXIABINGDUXINGJIBINGGAOFAQI,ZHEQIJIANYAOANBUTONGJIBINGYUFANGCUOSHIYONGYAO。YISHISHENGWUFANGBING。SHIYONGHUOXINGWEISHENGTAIZHIJIHUODIZHIGAILIANGJIDIAOJIESHUIZHI,ZAISILIAOZHONGTIANJIAHUOXINGSIYONGWEISHENGWU、FRC-HUOLIYUANTIANJIAJIDENG,NENGYOUXIAOGAISHANDUIXIACHANGDAOGONGNENG,ZENGJIAQIDUISILIAODEXISHOULV,BINGYIZHIBINGJUNFASHENG,ZENGQIANGJITIMIANYINENGLI,CUJINDUIXIASHENGCHANG。ERSHIYAOWUFANGBING。MEIGE10~15TIANKEQUANCHIPOSAXIULVHAIYIN、ERXIUHAIYIN、ERLVHAIYINDENGHAIYINLEIXIAODUJI1CI,YONGLIANG0.2~0.3GUOJIDANWEI。NEIFUKEZAISILIAOZHONGJINGCHANGTIANJIAXIACUSHENGCHANGJIHECHUNZHONGYAOZHIJI、FRC-HUOLIYUANTIANJIAJI、MIANYIZENGQIANGJIDENGLVSECHANPIN,KEZENGQIANGXIATIMIANYILI,QUCHUXIATINEIYOUHAIWUZHI,QIDAOFANGZHIJIBINGDEGONGXIAO。

  BINGDUXINGHONGTIBINGYOUTAOLABINGDUGANRAN,BINGXIABIAOXIANWEITINGZHISHESHI,HUOLIJIANGDIHUODONGHUANMAN。CHUXU、WEISHANBIANHONG,ZUFAHONG,YANZHONGSHIZHENGGEXIATICHENGCHAHONGSE。JIAKESHANGYOUBUGUIZEHEIBAN,GANYIXIANBIANYI。YINGCHEDIQINGYUXIAODU,BAOCHILIANGHAODESHUIZHI;XUANGOUJIANKANGBUDAIBINGDUDEXIAMIAO;ZAIBINGHAILIUXINGJIJIE,5~7TIANQUANCHIPOSAMEISHENG0.2~0.3HAOKEXIUHAIYINFUHEXIAODUJIJINXINGSHUITIXIAODU,TONGSHIMEI15TIANYONGDIANLEIHUOJIANYANXIAODU。

  BINGDUXINGBAIBANZONGHEZHENGYOUBAIBANBINGDUGANRAN,BINGXIABIAOXIANWEITINGZHISHESHI,XINGDONGCHIDUN、MANYOUSHUIMIANHUOJINGWOSHUIDI,BUJIUJISIWANG。DIANXINGBINGXIAZAIQIJIAKENEIYOUZHIJINGSHUHAOMIDEBAIDIAN,BAIDIANYOUSHIBIANWEIDANBAISE,TOUXIONGJIAYIBOLI。QIFANGZHIFANGFAYUBINGDUXINGHONGTIBINGTONG。

  XIJUNXINGHONGTIBINGYOUFURONGXUEHUJUNGANRANFUZHIBIANHONG、QUANSHENBIANHONGHUOYOUYONGZUBIANHONG,KEBIANYING,WUHEIBAN,YOUCHENG“HONGTUIBING”。QUANCHIPOKUCAOGANJUNMEISHENG0.25HAOKEJINXINGYUFANG,MEIGE10TIANQUANCHIPOSAERXIUHAIYIN0.2GUOJIDANWEI,GETIANQUANCHIPOSAERXIUHAIYIN0.2~0.3HAOKE2CI,GE3~5TIANMEISHENGPOKUCAOGANJUN0.3HAOKE,MEIGONGJINSILIAOTIANJIAFUBENNIKAO0.5KE,WEISHENGSUC1KEJIYUYOU10~20KE,SHENGWUHUOXINGTIANJIAJI1.5KE,LIANXUWEI5~7TIAN。

  RUANKEBINGYOUCHITANGLAOHUA,YOUJIZHIGUODUO,HUOFANGYANGMIDUDA,SUANJIANZHIDIJIYINGYANGCHANGQIBUZU,SHUIZHIELIEDENGYUANYINYINQI。BINGXIAJIAKEMINGXIANBIANRUAN(FEITUIKEYINQI),TIXINGXIAOSHOU,HUODONGJIANRUO,SHENGCHANGHUANMAN。YINGBAOCHILIANGHAODESHUIZHI、DIZHI,YINGZAOLIANGHAODEYANGZHIHUANJING。YANGEKONGZHISHUIZHONGDEGAI、LINBILI,SUANJIANZHIKONGZHIZAI7.8~8.6ZHIJIAN,FANGZHIANDAN、YAXIAOSUANYANDANCHAOBIAO。

WENZHANGLAIYUAN:ZHONGGUONONGYEXINWENWANG

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