遮蔭大棚少藻渾水養殖南美白對蝦

     

FUJIANSHENGZHANGZHOUSHIYUNXIAOXIANDONGSHAZHENHEDONGCUNDEXIAOLAOSHI,YOUYIZHONGDUTEDEDUIXIAYANGZHIMOSHI,WOMENLAIKANKANTASHIRUHEYANGZHINANMEIBAIDUIXIADE;

一、獨特的室外遮蔭大棚少藻渾水養蝦模式

? ? ? ?FUJIANSHENGZHANGZHOUSHIYUNXIAOXIANDONGSHAZHENHEDONGCUN,XIAOLAOSHISHIYIWEI50DUOSUIDELAOJISHURENYUAN,YOUZHUSHIDUONIANDEDUIXIAYANGZHIJINGYAN,RUHEYONGJUNYOUZIJIDEGUANDIANHELINIAN,TAGUANLIYOU400MUXIATANG,TADEYANGXIAMOSHIYUZHONGBUTONG,JIANDANJIESHAORUXIA:QINGSHUIFANGMIAO,CHITANGYONGZHEYANGWANGGAIZHU(YEBIMIANLEKUREXIAJIDEGAOSHUIWENYINGXIANG),MEIKOUTANGDAGAISIMUSHUIMIAN,SHATUDIZHI,MEIMUFANGMIAO2.3WANWEI,PINGJUNMEIMUYIGE3kwDELUOCIFENGJI,24XIAOSHIPUQI。TAZHUYAOSHIYONGQIANGWEIGONGSIDEFANXIAOHUAXIJUN、QIANGWEIGAIDIYANGNIFUHEJUNKELI、QIANGWEISHUICHANGAN、SHUICHANTONGYONGSILIAOFAJIAOJIWEIZHU。

? ? ? ?WOMENGUANCHATADESHUI,JIHUJIUSHIHUANGZHUOSHUI,HUONIJIANGSHUI,HUOHUNZHUOSHUI,ZAOSHAOBIJIAOSHAO,YIXIETANGZHONGXUTUANDUO,DALIANGPEIJUN,BUTANYUANTIGAOTANDANBI,BINGBUJIANDUANPUQI,SHIZHEGEMOSHIDEZHUYAOCAOZUOJIQIAO,XIAOLAOSHISHUOZHEGEKESHIHAOSHUILAIDE,ZHESHIXIANZAIHENSHAOYOURENCAIYONGDEWUZAO(SHIJISHANGSHISHAOZAO)SHIDUZHEYANGDEDAPENGYANGZHIMOSHI,QIHUANGZHUOSHUIJIUSHIHAOSHUI(HUANSHIYOUSHAOLIANGGUIZAOLVZAODE)。

? ? ? ?在這種養殖模式下,肖老師強調以下三點:

①?保證溶氧:特別是底部溶氧,所以,不斷的底曝氣是必要的,因為這種模式的藻量少,所以,必須在人工增氧方面多下功夫,特別是底部增氧,對蝦說到底是底棲動物,底部的氧才是最重要的(特別是在這種養殖模式下)

②?保證底部不臟:這里包含幾個方面:底部亞硝酸鹽,氨氮等不超標,硫化物不能發生,這就代表底不臟,措施是定期投放強微反硝化細菌(本品肖老師最看重,用得也最多)、然后是強微改底養泥復合菌顆粒(輔助底部曝氣),用這兩種產品來控制底泥的亞鹽和氨氮及硫化物;同樣的道理,對蝦是底棲動物,底干凈,就是它們居住的環境干凈;定期培育底部乳酸菌底泥,抑制底泥弧菌。

③?保持腸道干凈常用乳酸菌發酵液拌料飼喂,保持腸道健康,保持腸道粗壯無弧菌,但肖老師發酵乳酸菌液與眾不同,他是用水產專用的通用飼料發酵劑 + 紅糖 + 強微水產苷來發酵制作的,其特點是誘食性更好,并且同樣含有海量的乳酸菌。

? ? ?ERWOMENCHANGGUIDEYANGZHIHU,YIBANDOUSHIYONGQIANGWEIXIATOULELAIPEIYURUSUANJUNFAJIAOYENEIFUDE,HUOZHIJIENEIFUQIANGWEIXIATOULE+QIANGWEISHUICHANGAN。

XIAOLAOSHIYUYINGXIAOBUWANGBOZAIYIQI

二、肖老師使用微生物菌劑產品的操作方法如下

①?使用強微反硝化細菌(降低水體和底部亞硝酸鹽和氨氮)

? ? ? XIAOLAOSHIBIAOSHI:YONGQIANGWEIGONGSIDEFANXIAOHUAXIJUNKONGZHIYAYANZUOYONGHENHAO,GENJUSHUIWENHEYAYANHANLIANGLAIQUEDINGFANXIAOHUAXIJUNDEYONGLIANG。FANGMIAOQIANJIUJIANCESHUI,YOUXIAOSUANYANHUOYAYANDESHIHOUJIUCHULI,XIAOSUANYAN、YAYANHANLIANGBUGAOSHIMEIMUYONG30-50KEQIANGWEIGONGSIDEFANXIAOHUAXIJUNHUOHUA1XIAOSHIHOUPOSA,DONGTIANSHUIWENDIHUOSHIYAYANGAOJIUMEIMUYONG100KEFANXIAOHUAXIJUNHUOHUAPOSA。

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? ? ? SUOYIDIYICISHIYONGFANXIAOHUAXIJUNSHI,DUANSHIJIANNEI(1~5TIANNEI)YAYANSHISHENGGAOHUOBUJIANGDIDE(DANZAILIANXUBUDUANSHIYONGFANXIAOHUAXIJUNHOUHUICHIXUJIANGDI,BINGDADAOYIGEHENDIDEWENDINGSHUIPING),ERXIAOSUANYANHANLIANGSHIJIANGDIDE,JIUERJIUZHIXIAOSUANYANHEYAYANHANLIANGJIUDOUMANMANJIANSHAOBIANDILE,NJIANSHAOLECONGERYIZHILEZAOLEIDEFANZHI,ZHEYANGYANGZHIHOUQISHUITIDEGEXIANGCANSHUYEBIJIAOWENDING。

②?喂料拌水產通用飼料發酵劑發酵的乳酸菌液(保持腸道干凈)

? ? ? GUANYUWEILIAO,XIAOLAOSHIYONGSHUICHANTONGYONGFAJIAOJIZUOCHENGBAOJIANYE,100KESHUICHANTONGYONGSILIAOFAJIAOJI + 150JINSHUI + 6JINHONGTANGMIFENGFAJIAO,TONGGUOCEph,DANGphDADAO4ZUOYOUDESHIHOUJIUKEYIYONGLE,YIJINLIAOFANGSILIANGZHEZHONGBAOJIANYE,MIFENG3~5XIAOSHIZAIWEI,QUANCHENGWEI,HOUQIYEBUJIANLIANG,GUANYUHOUQICHANGDAODUANJIEDEWENTI,XIAOLAOSHIRENWEISHIZHENGCHANGDE,SHIXIATUOKEZAOCHENGDE,TONGGUOJINSHIJIUHUIHUIFU,YONGCIFANGFAKEYIRANGXIAANQUANDUGUODIYIGEYUE,YOUXIAOYUFANGEMS、HUJUNBINGHAI。

③?定期投放強微改底養泥復合菌顆粒,同時曝氣處理(保持底泥干凈)

? ? ? MEIZHOUDINGQITOUFANGYICIQIANGWEIGAIDIYANGNIFUHEJUNKELI,XIAOLAOSHIDEGUANDIANJIUSHIBIJIAOBIERENGENGJIAZHIJIE,TAQIANGDIAO,DIHAOXIACAIHAO,SUOYI,ZHIYONGQIANGWEIGAIDIYANGNIFUHEJUNKELI,WOMENJIANYIQIANGWEIJINGSHUISUPOSAHUOYONGRUSUANJUNFAJIAOPOSASHUITITADOUBUCAINA,XIAOLAOSHITEBIEQIANGDIAODINIYANGHUDEZHONGYAOXING。

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MEIMUWAIYOUFENGJIWANGSHUIDIPUQI

三、這種遮陽少藻渾水養殖模式的分析

? ? ? ZAIZHEZHONGYANGZHIMOSHIXIA,LEISIYUSHINEIGONGCHANGHUAYANGZHI,DANTAYOUZAISHIWAIDEDAPENGZHONG,SHIDANGZHEYANG,KONGZHIZAOLEISHAOYIXIE,YIJIANSHAOZAOLEIDAILAIDEMAFAN(LIRUGUONONGGUODUOZEYIDAOZAOHEYEJIANKENENGQUEYANG,YIJIZAODUSUGUODUODENGFUMIANYINGXIANG,FEISHUIMAFAN,YIJIHENNANZHANGKONGZAOLEIFANZHIDUDENGMAFAN),DANZHEZHONGYANGZHIMOSHIYEBIXUYOUJIAOQIANGDEZENGYANGSHEBEI,RUDIPUQI,QISHI,DASHUICHECUJINLIUDONGDENGCUOSHI,ZHEGEMOSHIYOUYUZAOSHAO,YANGZHIGUOCHENGZHONGSHUITILIHUAZHIBIAOZHUYAOTONGGUOPUQI、TIGAOTANDANBI,TOUFANGYOUZHITUOANJUNHERUSUANJUNLAIKONGZHI(JIBUDUANDEQUCHUDANYUANSU,YOUPEIYURUSUANJUNDESHUIXIANG),LIRUDUOYONGQIANGWEIFANXIAOHUAXIJUNBUDUANTUODAN(TUOQUERLIAOFENBIANZHONGDAIRUDEDANYUAN,BIANCHENGDANQIHUIFADIAO),DUOYONGRUSUANJUNDENG,YANGZHIJUNBIJIAOSHUNLI,QIZHONGHUANGZHUOSHUIJIUZAIZHEZHONGMOSHIZHONGBIJIAOCHANGJIAN,TAHUOXUZHISHIPUQIJIAOQIDEDINIZAOCHENG,YIJIDALIANGSHIYONGRUSUANJUNHEPOSATANYUAN(TANYUANRUTANGLEIZHUYAOTONGGUOPEIYURUSUANJUNXIANGLAIXISHOUSHUIZHONGDEDANYUANSU,YIJIANSHAOANDANHEYAYANDEZUOYONG)ERXINGCHENGDESHENGWUXUTUANCHENGFEN,YOUYUPOSARUSUANJUNFAJIAOYEYIXINGCHENGHUANGHESEGUIZAOSHUI,JIASHANGXUTUAN,CONGERZAOCHENGHUANGZHUOSHUI。

? ? ? XIASHIXIYINDONGWU,ZAIZHEZHONGSHAOZAOYANGZHIMOSHIXIA,HUANGZHUOSHUIFANERQIDAOLEHENHAODEZHEYINZUOYONG,YOULIYUDUIXIADESHENGCHANG;

? ? ?LINGWAIXIAOLAOSHIYONGJUNDEYIGEMUDESHIXIANGTONGGUOFANXIAOHUAJUNJINLIANGDETUODIAOSHUIZHONGDEDANLAIYIZHIZAOLEIDESHENGCHANG,BIANYUHOUQIKONGZHIPHZHI,DALIANGFANXIAOHUADEGUOCHENGSHIYIGESHIPHSHANGSHENGDEGUOCHENG,ERSHAOZAOZEGUANGHEZUOYONGRUO,PHBUZHIYUSHANGSHENGTAIGAO,YOUTONGGUOPOSAQIANGWEIJINGSHUISU(RUSUANJUNWEIZHUDECHANPIN)+ TANGLEILAISHIDANGJIANGPHZHI,CONGERZUIZHONGLAIPINGHENGPHZHI。

? ? ? TONGSHI,DAGUIMODEZHEYANGWANG,BIMIANLEXIATIANSHUIWENGUOGAODEFUMIANYINGXIANG。